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中西文化比较试卷A

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电子科技大学 2013-2014 学年第 2 学期期 末 考试 A 卷

课程名称:中西文化比较 考试形式:闭卷 考试日期 2014 年 6 月 30 日 考试时长:120_分钟

课程成绩构成:平时 30 %, 实验 20 %, 期末 50 %

本试卷试题由_6 部分构成,共 10 页

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合计

得分

试卷一
得分 Part I. Judge whether each of the following statements is true or false. Put a cross bar on the letter “A” if TRUE and “B” if FALSE on your Answer Sheet. (10%)
1. ( a ) “Red” is the traditional color of both Spring Festival and Christmas; it represents happiness in Chinese culture but symbolizes Jesus’ blood in Christian culture.
2. ( a ) The candy cane symbolizes the shepherds’ staff. When turned upside down, it becomes the letter “J” for Jesus.
3. ( a ) If heating and cooking will cause nutrition loss, Westerners would even half cook food and eat simply. They regard diet as a kind of science.
4. ( a ) There may be loud noises and exciting arguments in Chinese restaurants, which is against the Chinese “he” culture.
5. ( b ) Emperor Kangxi’s ban on foot binding met with strong protest of especially the Hans only because girls couldn’t marry if they had natural feet.
6. ( a ) In the French court of the 16th century, a corset of steel framework was introduced; this may have something to do with the aesthetical standard of “the slimmer the more beautiful” then.
7. ( b ) In Beijing Siheyuan, the wife of the family head lives in the west corner rooms of the main house and the concubines lives in the east corner rooms.
8. ( b ) The pointed arches, ribbed vaults and flying buttresses of Notre Dame de Paris give people the visual hint – “up”.
9. ( a ) An English word may have one or various syllables while a Chinese word includes one character and one syllable only.
10. ( a ) Alphabetic languages share some common letters that have totally different sounds, which makes letters hard to jump from one language to another.
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Part II. Choose the best one to complete each of the following sentences. (20%)

11. ___a___ is not the different cultural connotation between the Spring Festival and Christmas.

A. Secularism and non-secularism

B. Non-religiousness and religiousness

C. Ancestor worship and God worshipD. Ancestor reunion and family reunion

12. Seniors’ Day is called “九九重阳节”, and this means all the following but __d____.

A. it is a happy and sunny day

B. it is a wish for longevity of senior people

C. “9” is the largest heavenly number D. it is on the 9th day of the 9th lunar month

13. The star at the top of a Christmas tree symbolizes ___b_____.

A. the starlight in the sky

B. the Star of Bethlehem

C. the evening star

D. the morning star

14. The jingle bell has the symbolic meanings with except that____d__.

A. it rings out to guide lost sheep back home

B. it rings to proclaim the birth of Jesus Christ

C. it rings to inform of the arrival of Santa Claus

D. at Christmas, it rings to announce the arrival of the new season

15. The Chinese sage Confucius says that “bu shi bu shi”, which __d____.

A. reminds people not to eat food of unidentified sources

B. stresses the intakes of more vegetables than meat

C. warns people not to eat unhealthy food

D. emphasizes the punctuality of meals

16. Which of the following is not the evidence of Chinese people’s seriousness with their food? b

A. There are over 60 cooking methods for Chinese food

B. Zheng Banqiao apotheosized rice congee in his letter to his brother

C. Many foods are classifiable into those of the yin quality and those of the yang quality

D. In the classic novel The Dream of Red Mansions, there are detailed descriptions of the entire menu

of Daiyu’s breakfast or Baoyu’s meal at midnight

17. Individual dining in the west is manifested by the following habits except that__a____.

A. they like barbecuing in the open air

B. each diner eats food on his own plate

C. one does not like to taste the food in another’ plate

D. the dishes are served one after another and there’s only one before a diner at a time

18. Which of the following is not a proper western dining etiquette? c

A. Put your coffee cup plate on the right and your bread plate on the left

B. Once silverware is picked up from the table, it never touches the table again

C. A blade pointed outward is a sign that you have finished your food and want more

D. When a waiter serves you, food will be presented on your left, and the dish will be removed from

your right side when you’ve finished.

19. About foot binding, all the following statements are true according to the texts except __c____.

A to reduce weight on the bound feet, the girl didn’t move often and she ate little, and this led to

poor bone density; a fall after the age of fifty may result in a broken hip and a slow death

B. all the toes were broken below the second joints and folded under

C. the legend in which the last empress of the Shang Dynasty had clubbed foot and she ordered the

female court bind their feet so that her food didn’t stand out

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D. the entire foot may die of infection and this may kill the girl

20. A three-inch foot was called “_____a____”, and one longer than 4 inches “a iron lotus”.

A. a golden lotus

B. a silver lotus

C. a bronze lotus

D. a copper lotus

21. Around 1700s BC, men are also shown in artwork as having tiny waists; it’s believed that they wore

___c___

to tighten their waists.

A. ropes

B. bands

C. belts

D. corset-like garments

22. In general, men have a preference for women with ____b___.

A. high waist-to-hip ratios (WHRs).

B. low waist-to-hip ratios (WHRs).

C. high waist-to-breast ratios (WTBs). D. low waist-to-breast ratios (WTBs).

23. Feng Shui concepts are applied to the layout of Beijing Siheyuan except that___d___.

A. the main gate is at the southeastern corner

B. the main house is built on the north side

C. the houses along the north-south axes are longer than those along the east-west axes

D. the western walls are usually higher than the other walls to protect the inside buildings from the

harsh winds in the winter

24. In Beijing Siheyuan, the position “middle” is presided by __c____ according to the Five Elements

Theory, and so the courtyards are growing plants like trees, flowers, etc.

A. earth

B. water

C. wood

D. fire

25. The following statements about Gothic cathedrals are true except___c____.

A. The essence of Gothic architecture is “God is light”

B. Every painting on the glass windows tells at least one biblical story

C. The statue Pieta in Notre Dame de Paris is about how Jesus was crucified

D. The paintings on the flower windows and statues on the walls are called “Stone Bible”

26. The middle doorway of Notre Dame de Paris depicts ___c___.

A. Madonna and Child

B. St. Anne and bishop Sully baptizing Louis VII

C. Judgment Day

D. Portal-Resurrection of the Virgin Mary

27. The tallest building in ancient times is ____b__.

A. the Tower of Babel

B. the Great Pyramid of Giza

C. the Washing Monument

D. the 10-storey Home Insurance Building

28. For centuries classical Chinese was the official written language in these countries except ___b___.

A. Vietnam

B. Malaysia

C. Japan

D. Korea

29. One huge advantage English writing system enjoys over Chinese writing system is that___a___.

A. it has only 26 letters

B. it has only 48 phonemes

C. it has a smaller number of words

D. it has a smaller number of sounds

30. The alphabet is used phonetically to visually represent the sound of a word, and Chinese characters

are used ___d____ to represent the idea of a word.

A. symbolically B. grammatically C. semantically D. pictographically

得分 Part III. Fill in the blanks with the following words marked with A, B, C or D, choose the
most appropriate word. (10%)

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In society, attractive people tend to be more intelligent, better adjusted, and more popular. This is described as the halo effect - due to the perfection associated with angels. Research shows attractive people also have more occupational success and more dating experience than their ____a___ counterparts. One theory __b_____ this halo effect is that it is accurate -- attractive people are indeed more successful.
An alternative explanation for attractive people achieving more in life is that we automatically __d_____ others before having an opportunity to evaluate their personalities, based on cultural stereotypes which ___c____ attractive people must be intrinsically good, and ugly people must be inherently bad. But Elliot Aronson, a social psychologist at Stanford University, believes self-fulfilling prophecies - in which a person's confident self-perception, further perpetuated by healthy feedback from others - may ___b____ in success as well. Aronson suggests, based on the self-fulfilling prophecy that people who feel they are attractive - though not necessarily rated as such - are just as successful as their counterparts who are ___c____ to be good-looking.
____a___ the reason, the notion that attractiveness correlates with success still rings true. Yet beauty is not always advantageous, for beautiful people, particularly attractive women, ____d___ be perceived as more materialistic, snobbish, and vain.
For better or worse, the bottom line is that research shows beauty matters; it pervades society and affects how we choose loved ones. Thus, striving to appear attractive may not be such a vain endeavor after all. This isn't to say plastic surgery is necessarily the answer. Instead, ____d___ a healthy lifestyle that will ____c___ make you a happier person.

31. A. unattractive 32. A. above 33. A. avoid 34. A. is 35. A. take a place 36. A. / 37. A. Whatever 38. A. will 39. A. leading 40. A. return

B. similar C. other

B. behind C. over

B. think

C. refuse

B. mean

C. say

B. play a role C. serve

B. thought C. judged

B. Despite C. However

B. likely to C. really

B. led

C. to lead

B. turn to C. in turn

D. worst D. about D. categorize D. know D. find a place D. found D. For D. tend to D. lead D. in return

得分 Part IV. Reading Comprehensions: please choose the most appropriate answer from A, B, C or D. (20%)
Passage one Recent developments in the field of neurophysiology tend to support the hypothesis that the
alphabet produced a situation favorable for the development of logic, rational thought, and science. Neurophysiologists have determined that while there is a certain degree of redundancy and overlap between the two hemispheres of the brain, essentially the left and right hemispheres of the brain perform specialized tasks. The right hemisphere is the locus of the artistic, intuitive, spiritual, holistic, simultaneous, discontinuous or creative side of our personalities, whereas the left hemisphere controls the lineal, visual, logical, analytic, mathematical, and verbal activities of our psyche.
We here suggest that the alphabet created a lineal and visual environment of services and experiences (everything from architecture and highways to representational art) which contributed to the

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ascendancy or dominance of the left, or lineal, hemisphere. This conjecture is consistent with the results of the Russian neurophysiologist Luria who found that the area of the brain which controls linear sequencing and, hence, logic, _______, and scientific thinking, is located in the prefrontal region of the left hemisphere:
The mental process for writing a word entails still another specialization: Putting the letters in the proper sequence to form the word. Lashley discovered many years ago that sequential analysis involved a zone of the brain different from that employed for spatial analysis. In the course of our extensive studies we have located the region responsible for sequential analysis in the anterior regions of the left hemisphere.
Luria’s results show that the expression “linear thinking” is not merely a figure of speech, but an actual, bona fide activity of the brain which takes place in the anterior regions of the left hemisphere of the brain. His results also indicate that the use of the alphabet, with its emphasis on linear sequence, stimulates this area of the brain. Luria’s findings provide an understanding of how the written alphabet, with its lineal structure, was able to create the conditions conducive to the development of Western science, technology, and rationality.

41. According to neurophysiologists, the left hemisphere is charge of ___b____ skill.

A. abstract

B. concrete

C. art

D. picture

42. For spelling of words, which part of our brain is in charge of it? c

A. lineal part of the left hemisphere

B. lineal part of the right hemisphere

C. anterior regions of the left hemisphere

D. anterior regions of the right hemisphere

43. What is the missing word in the blank in paragraph 2? c

A. artistic

B. music

C. mathematic

D. neuroscience

44. What might be the meaning of bona fide (para 4, line 2) in the text? c

A. beautiful

B. true

C. active

D. instinctive

45. What might be the author’s opinion?

d

A. Only English alphabet can enhance development of science and technology.

B. Chinese speakers are better at arts.

C. English speakers are cleverer.

D. Continuous use of alphabet can improve our linear thinking.

Passage two These are three main differences of western and eastern clothing cultures. When we talk about
eastern clothing culture, what reminds of us is traditional Chinese clothing. However, to western clothing, it seems that we know fewer things. What we will think of is either western-style suit or luxurious noble clothes. Actually, the difference of western and eastern clothing culture is not simple. A clothing culture of a nationality is based on the culture of this nationality. After long history of culture, western and eastern clothing culture form unique characteristics and systems of each other. Now let me tell you something about that.
The first is the difference of color. On the one hand, the characteristic of a nationality reflects the love of colors. In ancient China, black was regarded as the imperial color. The colors of imperial clothes in ancient dynasties were black. With the development of feudal central power, people worshiped the earth

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instead of the god. Therefore, color of clothing was mainly in yellow. On the other hand, in west, white and purple were the most popular color in Roman times. People held the view that white was pure and honest while purple represented elegance. However, since the Renaissance, clothes developed faster and faster. With the development of luxury, bright colors were popular with people. People of Spain like rose and grey while people of England like black.
The second is the difference of the shape. In one hand, Traditional Chinese clothes emphasized the vertical feeling. This design can make people look thin and tall. The most important is that this design can make up the short stature of easterners. In the other hand, classical western clothes emphasized lateral feeling. Extravagant outline of shoulder will have radioactive effect. What is more, this design was fit into the passionate temperament of westerners. In the meanwhile, this design was fit into the tall and strong stature of westerners.
The third is the difference of pattern. On the one hand, we can see many patterns in Chinese clothes. People hold the view that lucky patterns show the propitious wish. From ancient time till today, propitious patterns were used widely. No matter expensive silk or common printed cloth, these patterns can be seen easily. These patterns not only show the totem worship but also express the feeling of descendants of the dragon. On the other hand, with the development of history, patterns in western clothes changed continually. In ancient time, people liked to use flowers and other plants. However, in recent generations, animal patterns were popular.

46. What is the writer’s idea on clothing culture?

b

A. Clothing culture is based on design;

B. Clothing culture forms its unique feature throughout history;

C. Western clothing culture influences eastern one to a large extent;

D. Eastern clothing culture focuses more on tradition.

47. What does the color of yellow represent? c

A. Earth

B. God

C. Royalty

D. Elegance

48. What is the meaning of the word ‘lateral’ (para 3, line 4)? c

A. Grand

B. Tall

C. Side

D. Round

49. Which pattern might be ancient Westerners’ choice for their clothing? b

A. Dragon

B. Swallow

C. Lily

D. Sun

50. What might be the most common theme of Chinese clothes design throughout history? d

A. Patterns of plants and flowers

B. Patterns of animals

C. Patterns of royal symbol

D. Patterns of descendants of dragon

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电子科技大学 2013-2014 学年第 2 学期期 末 考试 A 卷

课程名称:中西文化比较 考试形式:闭卷 考试日期 2014 年 6 月 30 日 考试时长:120_分钟

课程成绩构成:平时 30 %, 实验 20 %, 期末 50 %

本试卷试题由_6 部分构成,共 10 页

题号













合计

得分

试卷二

得分

Part V. Translation. (20%)

1. Translate the following words and phrases into English. (10%)

春联____spring couplets________________

餐具___ utensils __________________

美食家____ gourmand ________________

沙漏型身材_the hourglass figure_

书法____ Calligraphy _________________
甲骨文__ Oracle ___

黄金比例___ The golden ratio ___
圣诞花环 ___ Christmas wreath ____

门当户对__a well-matched in social and economica family____

一贫如洗__ On one's uppers _______

2. Translate the following passage into Chinese. (10%) Chinese language is a unique character system that embodies phonetic sound, image, idea, and
rhyme at the same time. Its writing system began with inscriptions on bones and tortoise shells, which are regarded as the original forms of Chinese characters. Afterwards, Chinese characters went through numerous calligraphic styles: bronze inscriptions, official script, regular script, cursive script, running script, etc. Chinese characters are usually round outside and square inside, which is rooted in ancient Chinese beliefs of an orbicular sky and a rectangular Earth.
汉语是体现了系统的语音,图像,思想,和韵的一种具有独特的个性的系统,。它的书写体系始

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于甲骨文,是汉字的原始形式。后来,汉字经历了无数的书法风格:青铜器铭文,隶书,楷书,草书, 行书,等汉字 汉语通常是外圆内方,这是植根于中国古代的一种圆形和矩形地球天空的信念。___________________________________________
得分 Part VI. Select 2 out of 5 questions below and write your answer to each question with at least 100 words. (20%)
1. What is your opinion on the reform of Chinese festivals? 2. It is said that shared dining and individual dining reflect the core values of Chinese and Western
cultures respectively — collectivism and individualism. How do you understand this? 3. What are your beauty standards? 4. Can Chinese language be latinized? Why or why not? 5. How does Beijing quadrangle courtyard reflect the Chinese traditional thoughts and values?
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