当前位置: 首页 > >

广东省连州市连州中学高三英语专题复习:高考英语易错题汇编(2)

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌

高考英语易错题汇编

一、听力信息获取常见易错单词:

第一,发音非常接近,甚至完全相同,容易导致在被动接受语音信息的时候(也就是听

听力材料的时候)发生理解误差。如 1)quite 相当 quiet 安静地。

第二,有些词汇,不仅互相之间发音相似或相同,拼写也很接近,容易在练习听写的时

候把单词写错。如 5) dairy 牛奶厂 diary 日记,以及 89) statue 塑像 statute 法令 stature 身

长 status 地位

第三,对于一些发音特殊的词汇,考生总是记不住其正确发音,比如 suite 这个单词,很

多考生容易把它的发音错误地理解为与 suit 这个单词相同,因而在听力中发生理解错误。

第四,有些单词,发音,拼写都接近,而且在含义用法上也有一些联系或雷同之处,因

此在听力理解时难度极大,如 86) extend 延伸(时间或长度) extent 长度

1) quite 相当

quiet 安静地

2) affect v 影响, 假装 effect n 结果, 影响

3) adapt 适应 adopt 采用 adept 内行

4) angel 天使 angle 角度

5) dairy 牛奶厂 diary 日记

6) contend 奋斗, 斗争 content 内容, 满足的 context 上下文 contest 竞争, 比赛

7) principal 校长, 主要的 principle 原则

8) implicit 含蓄的 explicit 明白的

9) dessert 甜食 desert 沙漠 v 放弃 dissert 写论文

10) pat 轻拍 tap 轻打 slap 掌击 rap 敲,打

11) decent 正经的 descent n 向下, 血统 descend v 向下

12) sweet 甜的 sweat 汗水

13) later 后来 latter 后者 latest 最近的 lately adv 最近

14) costume 服装 custom 习惯

15) extensive 广泛的 intensive 深刻的

16) aural 耳的 oral 口头的

17) abroad 国外 aboard 上(船,飞机)

18) altar 祭坛 alter 改变

19) assent 同意 ascent 上升 accent 口音

20) champion 冠军 champagne 香槟酒 campaign 战役

21) baron 男爵 barren 不毛之地的 barn 古仓

22) beam 梁, 光束 bean 豆 been have 过去式

23) precede 领先 proceed 进行,继续

24) pray 祈祷 prey 猎物

25) chicken 鸡 kitchen 厨房

26) monkey 猴子 donkey 驴

27) chore 家务活 chord 和弦 cord 细绳

28) cite 引用 site 场所 sight 视觉

29) clash (金属)幢击声 crash 碰幢,坠落 crush 压坏

30) compliment 赞美 complement 附加物

31) confirm 确认 conform 使顺从

32) contact 接触 contract 合同 contrast 对照

33) council 议会 counsel 忠告 consul 领事

34) crow 乌鸦 crown 王冠 clown 小丑 cow 牛

35) dose 一剂药 doze 打盹

36) drawn draw 过去分词 drown 溺水

▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌
37) emigrant 移民到国外 immigrant 从某国来的移民 38) excess n 超过 exceed v 超过 excel 擅长 39) hotel 青年旅社 hostel 旅店 40) latitude 纬度 altitude 高度 gratitude 感激 41) immoral 不道德 的 immortal 不朽的 42) lone 孤独的 alone 单独的 lonely 寂寞的 43) mortal 不死的 metal 金属 mental 神经的 medal 勋章 model 模特 meddle 玩弄 44) scare 惊吓 scarce 缺乏的 45) drought 天旱 draught 通风, 拖拉 draughts (英)国际跳棋 47) assure 保证 ensure 使确定 insure 保险 48) except 除外 expect 期望 accept 接受 excerpt 选录 exempt 免除 49) floor 地板 flour 面粉 50) incident 事件 accident 意外 51) inspiration 灵感 aspiration 渴望 52) march 三月, 前进 match 比赛 53) patent 专利 potent 有力的 potential 潜在的 54) police 警察 policy 政策 politics 政治 55) protest 抗议 protect 保护 56) require 需要 inquire 询问 enquire 询问 acquire 获得 67) revenge 报仇 avenge 为...报仇 68) story 故事 storey 楼层 store 商店 69) strike 打 stick 坚持 strict 严格的 70) expand 扩张 expend 花费 extend 延长 71) commerce 商业 commence 开始 72) through 通过 thorough 彻底的 (al)though 尽管 thought think 过去分词 73) purpose 目的 suppose 假设 propose 建议 74) expect 期望 respect 尊敬 aspect 方面 inspect 视察 suspect 怀疑 75) glide 滑翔 slide 使滑行 slip 跌落 76) steal 偷 steel 钢 77) strive 努力 stride 大步走 78) allusion 暗示 illusion 幻觉 delusion 错觉 elusion 逃避 79) prospect 前景 perspective 透视法 80) stationery 文具 stationary 固定的 81) loose 松的 lose 丢失 loss n 损失 lost lose 过去式 82) amend 改正, 修正 emend 校正 83) amoral unmoral immoral 同义 不道德的 84) capitol 大厦 capital 首都 85) casual 随便的 causal 表原因的 86) extend 延伸 extent 长度 extant 现存的 87) inability 没能力 disability 残疾 88) personnel 人事 personal 个人的 89) statue 塑像 statute 法令 stature 身长 status 地位 90) widow 寡妇 window 窗户 91) socks 短袜 stockings 长筒袜 92) tax 税 taxi 出租 93) definite 不定的 infinite 无限的 94) grim 严酷的 grime 污点 95) crayon 蜡笔 canyon 山谷 96) recent 最近 resent 生气
▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌
97) phrase 短语 phase 阶段 98) mission 使命 emission 散发, 发射 mansion 大厦 99) vision 视觉 version 译本 100) gasp 上气不接下气 grasp 抓住 101) delicate 微妙的 dedicate 献身 101) idle 空闲的 idol 偶像 102) induce 促使,劝诱 deduce 推测 reduce 减少 seduce 诱使 103) lapse 流逝 elapse 消逝 eclipse 日食 104) rude 粗鲁的 crude 天然的 105) source 水源 sauce 酱油 saucer 茶托 resource 资源 recourse 求援 106) sled (儿童)雪橇 sledge 雪橇 107) stripe 条纹 strip 条 trip 旅行 108) vocation 职业 vacation 假期 evocation 召集 revocation 撤回 109) ardor 热情 adore 崇拜 adorn 装饰 110) area 区域 era 时代 111) resemble 象... assemble v 集合,装配 assembly n 集合, 装配 112) assume 假定 resume 恢复 113) attain 达到 obtain 获得 abstain 放弃 114) award 授予 reward 奖赏 115) baggage (American English) luggage 行李 116) badge 徽章 bandage 绷带 117) blade 刀刃 bald 秃的 bold 大胆 118) bloom 开花 blossom 开花(结果实) bosom 胸口 119)blush 脸红 flush 发红(脸) 120) bride 新娘 bribe 贿赂 121) growl 咆哮 howl 狼叫 122) depress 使沮丧 suppress 镇压 oppress 压迫 123) dime 一角 dim 暗淡的 124) dizzy 眼花缭乱 dazzle 使眼花 125) brown 褐色 brow 眼眉 blow 打击 126) bullet 子弹 bulletin 公告 127) carton 纸板盒 cartoon 动画 128) chivalry 骑士精神 cavalry 骑兵队 129) collar 领子 cellar 地窖 color 颜色 130) vanish 消失 evanish 使消失 131) intrude 入侵 extrude 逐出 detrude 推下 132) contort 扭弯 distort 弄弯 retort 反驳 133) eminent 杰出的 imminent 逼近的 134) decline 下降 recline 放置 incline 倾斜 135) exclaim 呼喊 proclaim 宣布 acclaim 欢呼 declaim 朗诵 136) edict 法令 indict 控告 137) perfuse 泼洒 profuse 浪费的 138) reject 拒绝 eject 逐出 inject 注射 deject 使沮丧 139) literacy 识字 literary 文学的 literature 文学 literal 文字的 140) median 中央的,中线的 medium 媒体 141) expel 驱逐 repel 反击 impel 推动 dispel 驱散 142) rip 撕 ripe 熟的 143) wench 绞车 wrench 扭伤 144) confidant 知己 confident 有信心的
▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌
145) dine 吃饭 diner 吃饭人 dinning n 吃饭 dinner 晚饭 146) dreg 渣滓 drag 拖拉 147) faint 失去知觉 feint 佯攻 148) imprudence 轻率 impudence 无耻 149) specie 硬币 species 种类 150) hanger 钩子 hangar 棚厂 hunger 饥饿 151) suite 一(宾馆套房) suit 一套衣服
二、常用动词辨析:
高中英语易错动词辨析 (1) 第一组: spend/ take /cost ①spend 的主语通常是“人”,即“某人在─花多少时间或金钱。” 例句: 1)The boy spends a lot of money.(in) playing computer games. (那个男孩花了很多钱玩电子游戏。) 2)She spent lots of money on books last year. (去年她花费很多钱在书本上。) ②take 前常以 it 作形式主语,作“做某事需要花多少时间。” It takes +(人)+时间+ to do sth. 1)How long does it take you to finish the work? (你需要多少时间才能完成那工作?) 2)It took me an hour to repair my bike. (我花了一个小时修理自行车。) 3)It takes a lot of courage to tell the truth. (说真话需要很大的勇气。) ③cost 的主语通常是事物,即指 ①某物值多少钱②需要多少时间③某人花了多少钱④使(某 人)(丧失)(事/物)+cost+(人)+时间/金钱 1)The watch cost me two hundred yuan. (这块手表花了我 200 块钱。) 2)Writing a novel cost plenty of time. (写本小说要花很多时间。) 3)The girl's bad behavior cost her parents many sleepless nights. (那个女孩的不良行为使得她的父母许多夜晚睡不着。) 注意:cost 的过去式,过去分词都是 cost。 第二组: speak/say/tell/talk ①speak 说某种语言,说某人好、坏话是及物动词;发表讲话,对某人说话,是不及物动词。 1)The students speak English very fluently. (这些学生英语说得非常流利。) 2)The Prime Minister spoke on the international situation. (首相就国际形势发表了演说。) 3)She always speaks ill of others. (她总是说别人的坏话。)②speak 的习惯用语: Generally speaking 一般而言 Frankly speaking 坦白地说 Strictly speaking 严格地说 not to speak of 且不说;更不用说 1)Generally speaking, man is stronger than woman. (一般而言,男人比女人强壮。)
▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌
2)We can speak English, not to speak of Chinese. (我们会读英语,汉语更不用说了。) ④say 说出某句话或某件事;后接从句,(但 say 与从句之间不能直接接人称代词或名词); 说明时间;书信、布告报纸上的“说”,习惯用法 1)She said ,“I love you.” (她说:“我爱你。”) 2)Say goodbye to them. (跟他们说再见。) 3)She says she is busy. (她说她很忙。) 4)My watch says 10:00 sharp. (我的表是十点整。) 5)The paper says that there was a big fire in Shanghai. (报上说上海发生了一场大火)。 6)It is said that she has been away for a month. (据说她已走了一个月了) 7)It goes without saying that education is important. (不用说,教育是重要的。) 8)Tom is a good student, that is to say, he gets good grades in school. (Tom 是个好学生,也就是说,他在学校的成绩很好。) ③ ①tell 说谎;讲故事;说实话 1)Don't tell a lie. (不要说谎。) 2)She likes to tell stories. (她喜欢讲故事。) 3)We should always tell the truth. (我们应该永远说实话。) ③ ②tell 辨别;叫某人做某事;接“间接”与“直接”宾语;tell+宾语+that 从句 1)Sometimes we can't tell right from wrong. (有时我们无法辨别是非。) (他告诉我他要去那儿。) ④talk 连续地说话;习惯用法 1)What are the girls talking about ? (那些女孩们讲什么?) 2)Young people like to talk politics. (年青人喜欢谈论政治。) 3)I talked over the matter with her. (我与她谈论了那个问题。) 第三组: take /bring/carry/fetch ①take 作“带去”“拿去”解;从近处把东西送到远处 例句: 1)She'll take her children to the park. (她要带孩子去公园。) 2)It's raining, you'd better take an umbrella with you. (下雨了;你最好把雨伞带上。) ②bring“拿来;带来”;从远处把东西拿到近外 1)Bring the dictionary to me. (把字典拿给我。)
▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌
2)Please bring your report with you when you come tomorrow. (明天你来的时候,请把你的报告带来。) ③carry 作“携带,带去;搬运”解 1)She always carries a red handbag. (她总是带一个红色手包。) 2)Please carry this TV set upstairs. (请把这台电视搬到楼上去。) ④fetch 作“去…取来,拿来;叫某人来”解 1)The football is over there. Fetch it please. (足球在那边呢,请把它拿回来。) 2)Fetch the police at once. We've found the robber. (马上去叫警察来,我们已经发现那个抢劫的人。)第四组: wear/put on/ dress ①wear 穿着,戴;留,表示“状态”是及物动词需加宾语 例句: 1)She always wears a pair of glasses. (她总是戴着一副眼镜。) 2)He wears a black jacket today. (今天他穿着一件黑色的夹克。) ②put on 穿上,戴上,表示“动作” 例句: 1)The teacher put on his hat and went out of the office. (老师戴上帽子然后走出办公室。) 2)Put on the gloves .It's cold outside. (戴上手套外面很凉。) ③dress 作“穿着…的衣服”解;给某人穿衣服不用写衣服 例句: 1)She is dressed in red.(她穿着红衣服。) 2)The mother dresses the child every day. (那位母亲每天给孩子穿衣服。)此句不能加衣服。 3)She dresses herself in red. (此句等于第一个例句。) 第五组: do /make ①do“做”主要是用来表示“行动”“行为”,如 do omelets 是“把蛋卷煎好”。在 do 后面常加一些 抽象名词,如 do wrong(犯错)。“wrong”是抽象名词常与 do 搭配的短语有: ①do one's ②do (the) some ③do sb. a favor 帮人忙 ④do with 利用;忍受;需要 ⑤do away with 废除 ⑥do without 用不着;不需要 ⑦have ⑧do sb. ⑨do nothing but do 除了做…以外什么也没做 ⑩do business 做生意 例句: 1)I'll do the dishes today. (今天我来洗盘子。)
▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌
2)I've done my homework. (我已经做完了作业。) 3)Crying does harm to you. (哭对你没有益处。) 4)Will you do me a favor? (能否帮我一个忙?) 5)We cannot do without a telephone in our business. (我们做生意没有电话是不行的。) 6)The new teacher didn't know what to do with the class. (新老师不知道如何对待他班上的学生。) 7)I did nothing but watch TV last night. (昨晚我除了看电视以外什么也没有做。) 8)Who does your hair? (平常是谁给你做头发的?) ②make“作”,表示“制造”,其后的宾语是 make 的产品。如 make clothes 制做衣服;make 后 常跟一些可数名词常与 make 动词搭配的短语有: 例句: 1) They have make great progress in learning English. (在学习英语方面他们已经取得了很大的进步。) 2)Who is going to make a speech today? (今天谁来演说?) 3)Don't make a noise. 嘘!(不要出声。) 4)She makes her living as a teacher. (她作教师来维持生计。) 高中英语易错动词辨析 (2) 第一组: lie/lay/lie 1)lie 不及物动词,躺;位于 lie—lay—lain—lying 例句:①Shanghai lies to the south of Beijing. (上海位于北京的南方。) ②She has lain in bed for three days. (她已经在床上躺了三天了。) 2)lay 及物动词,放置;下蛋 lay—laid—laid—laying 例句:①These hens lay eggs every day. (这些鸡每天下蛋。) ②He laid his hand on my shoulder. (他把手放在我的肩上。) ③lie 不及物动词,说谎 lie—lied—lied—lying 例句:①Don’t lie to me. (别骗我。) ②She lies about her career. (她编造她的经历。) 第二组: hear/listen to ①hear 听;是一种“自然无意的动作。”hear of 听说过 hear from 得到消息
▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌
例句:The deaf cannot hear. (聋子听不见。) ②listen 是一种“有意的动作。”如后面有宾语则需加 to;如没有宾语,listen 后不可加 to。 例句:①Listen, somebody is crying. (听,有人在哭。) ②I listened but heard nothing. (我注意听了,但没听见什么。) ③Listen to me. (听我说。) 高中英语易错动词辨析 (3) 第三组:
sit/set/seat ①sit 不及物动;坐;就座; sit—sat—sat—sitting 例句:①He sat at the table writing a letter. (他坐在书桌旁写信。) ②Sit here until she comes back. (坐在这里等她回来。) ③set 安置;下沉;点燃;出考题;定时;树立(榜样) set—set—set—setting 例句:①Tom, set the table for dinner. (Tom,摆好桌子准备吃饭。) ②He set the alarm for 6:00 in the morning. (他把闹钟定在早晨 6 点钟。) ③My teacher set very difficult questions for the exam. (我们老师试题出得非常难。) ④The sun rises in the east and sets in the west. (太阳从东方升起从西方落下。) ③seat 使坐;容纳 seat—seated—seated—seating 例句:①)The theater can seat at least 2000 people. (这家戏院至少能容纳 2000 人。) ②Please be seated. (请坐下。)此句等于 Sit down please. ③He seated himself next to her. (他坐在她的旁边。) 第四组:
rise/raise/arise/arouse/rouse 1)rise(太阳、月亮)升起,起来;(物价)上涨;(水)高涨 rise—rose—risen—rising 例句:①Everyone knows that the sun rises in the east. (每人都知道太阳是从东方升起。) ②Prices have risen quickly. (物价快速上涨了。) ③She rose to her feet. (她站了起来。) 2)raise 举起;养育;募款 raise—raised—raised—raising 例句:①Raise your hand please.
▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌
(请你把手举起来。) ②The farmer raises a lot of sheep on his farm. (这位农民在农场养了许多绵羊。) ③They are raising founds for the expedition. (他们正在筹募探险的基金。) ④arise(问题、困难)发生、产生、出现;起(风、雾) arise—arose—arisen—arising 例句:①A strong wind arose this morning. (今天早上刮起强风。) ②A different problem has arisen. (不同的问题发生了。) ③A mist arose from the lake. (湖上起雾了。) ④arouse 通常表示比喻或情绪方面的“激发” arouse─aroused─aroused─arousing 例句:①The book aroused my interest in learning English. (这本书引起我对学习英语感兴趣。) ②The speaker aroused the anger of the audience. (演讲者激起了听众的怒气。) ③rouse 通常表示比较具体的“叫醒”或“唤醒” rouse─roused─roused─rousing 例句:①The sound roused him from reflection. (声音使他从深思中惊醒。) ②The lies he heard about his friend roused his anger. (听到有人对他朋友造谣,使他怒火中烧。) 第五组: lend/借出 borrow 1)lend+人+物=lend+物+to+人 例如:①Please lend me your dictionary.=Please lend your dictionary to me. (请把你的字典借给我。) ②I will lend you $200, but I can’t lend money to him. (我借给你 200 美元,但我不能借钱给他。) borrow 借入 borrow+物+from+人 ①She has borrowed a lot of books from the school library. (她已从学校的图书馆借了很多书。) ②He often borrows money from me. (他经常从我这儿借钱。) 第六组:
fall/feel/fell/fail/ fall─fell─fallen 落下;跌倒 fall asleep 睡着/fall behind 落后 例句:①An apple fell to the ground. (一个苹果落在地上。) ②Be careful on the ice or you will fall. (在冰上要小心,否则你会跌倒。) feel─felt─felt feel like+doing sth.想要; feel sleepy.想睡
▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌
例句:①Can you feel your heart beat violently? (你能感觉到你的心在猛烈地跳动吗?) ②Both my legs didn’t feel. (我的双腿没有感觉。) ③I suddenly felt a pain in my back. (我突然感到背部疼痛。) ④Do you feel like taking a walk? (你想不想去散步?) fell─felled─felled 砍伐 例句:A lot of trees were felled last night. (昨晚很多树被人伐倒了。) fail─failed─failed 失败 例句:He has failed in English exam again. (他英语考试又没及格。) 第七组:
win/beat win─won─won win a prize 得到奖品 win a war 打了胜仗 win a game 赢得比赛 win an election 选举获胜 例句:①Our team won the same 3 to 2 last night. (昨晚我们队以 3 比 2 赢了比赛。) ②Who do you think will win the beauty contest? (你认为那场选美谁会获胜?) ③beat─beat─beaten beat 是打败了对手 例句:①He beat me in the race. (他在赛跑中赢了我。) ②We have beaten their team for 3 years. (我们已连续 3 年打败他们的球队。) ③My heart beat fast at the sight of her. (一看见她,我的心跳就加快。) 高中英语易错动词辨析 (4) cure/recover/restore/heal 1)cure——cured——cured 治疗(疾病) 物+cure+人+of+病=人+be cured of+病 例句:①This medicine will cure your headache. (这种药会治好你的头痛病。) ②The doctor cured her of a cold. (医生医好了她的感冒。) ③She was cured of her disease. (她的痛被治好了。)
2)recover——recovered——recovered 恢复(健康);痊愈;复元与 from 连用 例句:①After a few days' rest, she has recovered her health. (休息几天后,她已恢复健康。) ②They haven't recovered from the shock yet. (他们还未从那次打击中恢复过来。)
3)restore——restored——restored 使…恢复健康;修复;重建 例句:①The doctor restored the girl to health.
▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌
(医生恢复了那个女孩的健康。) =The girl was restored to health. ②The workers have already restored the ruined temple. (工人们已修复了这座毁坏的寺庙。) 4)heal——healed——healed 主要指伤口的治愈;消除;平息。 例句:①His wound is not yet healed. (他的伤口尚未痊愈。) ②Time heals all broken hearts. (时间可以消除一切忧伤。) 第二组: reach/arrive/get to 1)reach——reached——reached 及物动词到达,不加 to 等分词。 例句:They will reach Shanghai tonight. (今晚他们将抵达上海。) 2)arrive——arrived——arrived 不及物动词到达,加介词 in(大地方)at 小地方。 例句:①I'll phone you when I arrive in New York. (我到纽约后会给你电话。) ②What time will they arrive at the airport? (他们什么时候会到达机场?) 3)get——got——gotten(got) 不及物动词需加上 to 加上地点表示到达,但接地点副词时不加 to。 例句:①What time does the train get to Beijing? (火车什么时间到达北京?) ②When I set to Japan, I'll write to you. (我到了日本就给你写信。) ③They got home safely. (他们平安到家。) 注①:此处 home 是副词不能加 to。 注②:“到达”reach=arrive at (in)=get to 到达上海 arrive in Shanghai 到达家/这里/那里 arrive home/here/there 第三组: hang/hang 1)hang——hanged——hanged 及物动词吊死;处(人)绞刑;上吊。 例句:①He hanged himself last week. (上星期他上吊自杀了。) ②The man was hanged for murder. (那个男子因谋杀罪被处绞刑。) hang——hung——hung 及物动词把…挂上;把…吊起。 例句:①She hung curtains over the windows. (她把窗帘挂上窗上。) ②A picture is hung on the wall. (墙上挂着一幅画。) 第四组:
▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌
affect/effect 1)affect——affected——affected 及物动词对…影响,感动(人的)心,使感动 例句:①The noise from the street affected our study. (马路上的噪音影响我们学习。) ②Her story affected us deeply. (她的故事深深地打动我们的心。) 2)effect——effected——effected 及物动词使产生;实现…(目的),造成…(结果) effect 很少作动词用,通常只跟 change 连用。 例句①It will effect, no change of importance. (不会引起重大的变化。) 第五组: thank/appreciate 1)thank——thanked——thanked 感谢,后接人 例句:①You don't have to thank me. (你不必向我道谢。) ②She thanked me for my help. (她感谢我帮忙。) ③appreciate——appreciated——appreciated 感激;欣赏,后接事或物 例句:①I greatly appreciate your help. (我很感激你的帮助。) ②She doesn't appreciate good English poetry. (她不会欣赏好的英语诗歌。) 第六组: choose/select/elect/pick out 1)choose——chose——chosen 挑选;选拔;选择,指凭自己的判断力在人或物中进行挑选,而不强调精选。 例句:①I'd like to choose a new tie for me. (我想给自己挑一条新领带。) ②I want to choose her a nice present. (我想要挑选一份精美的礼物送给她。) ③The football players chose him as their team leader. (足球队员们选他当队长。) 2)select 精选;挑选;选定,强调慎重考虑后的选择。 例句:①The farmer taught us how to select seeds. (这位农民教我们如何选种。) ②She was selected from among many applicants. (她是从许多报名者中选拔出来的。) ③Have you read selected works of Lu Xun? (你读过《鲁迅选集》吗?) 3)elect 选举;推选 例句:①We elected her monitor. (我们推选她为班长。) ②We elected him mayor. (我们选他为市长。) ③pick out 认出;挑出;挑选;多用口语
▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌

例句:①I picked out an old friend in a crowd. (我从人群中认出了一位老朋友。)
②She picked out the shoes that match the dress. (她选出搭配那件衣服的鞋子。)

三、英语写作易错句式

(一)常见的语义重复现象,.不能与括号内的词并用。

Because------(so) though/Although----(but) repeat -----(the same ,again) repay----

(back)

Return------(back) unite------(together) combine-----(together) master----(well)

Hate--(very much) advance---(forward) improve----(better)

sink—(down)

Renew--(- again)

about/around—(or so) walk----(- on foot)

alone--(- by oneself)

Still----(remain)

meet---(together) No---(not any/not a)

think over--

(carefully)

(very)---perfect

(very)----excellent (very)--- tiny

(very)---huge

Can----(be able to)

Be about to do…..(at once /immediately)

both…..(as well as, equal , equally, together)

Enter——(into)

难点解析:如果 enter 和 into 连用

①表示 to allow oneself to share inor become part of 分享,投身于,成为….的一部分

He entered in to the spirit of the game with great excitement 他兴致勃勃,融入比赛的气氛中

②表示 to begin to take part in formally (正式 )开始参加

Before you enter into an agreement, you should read the contract carefully

在签署协议之前,你应该仔细阅读合同
㈡ 触及身体某一部位的表达方式

在汉语中,把被触及身体某一部位作为动词的宾语,如:打他的脸;拍她的头。

在英语中,则把接受动作的人作为宾语,用介词短语来说明接触到的身体某一部位,即用下

面的句式

主语谓语 somebody 介词 the 身体部位

约翰打了他的脸。

误: John hit his face . 正:John hit him in the face

解析:在这一句型中常用的 动词有:hit , pat , beat , touch , strike 等等。

关于介词的选用问题:

一般身体部位比较硬而突出的地方或强调接触人体的表面,用介词 on;如 on the head(back ,

nose ,shoulder, chest, ……)

一般在软而凹的部位用介词 in 如:in the face (eye ,stomach , rib…..)

一般表示抓,拉,握,牵等.常见动词:catch , seize ,grab ,pull ,take, hold ,. 身体的某一部位时,用介词

by.

选择填空: 1 The boss_____him _____back and told him something secret Key (D)

A patted….by the B patted …on his C patted…in the D patted …on the

2 Mary led a granny_____hand to across the street Key(D)

A in..the B on the C by her D by the

3 He felt someone ____ him on ____shoulder when he was watching the game. KEY ( C)

A patted…his B pat..his C patting…the D patted….his

㈢ 辨别 since 从句肯定与否定的三条规律

▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌
① 非延续性动词的一般过去时充当 since 从句的谓语时,从句的内容和形式是统一的,从句 的意义是“自从….以来”.。非延续性动词又叫终止性动词/结束性动词。如 come ,leave ,give , die ,arrive ,return ,find 等。 1 We have lived in Shanghai since we parted 自从分手以来,我们一直住在上海。 2 I have not been to Beijing since I came to study here in 2002 自从 2002 年来此学习后,握就没 去过北京。 ② 延续性动词的一般过去时充当 since 从句的谓语时,从句的内容和形式是对立的,从句的 意义是“自从不….以来,或自从….结束以来.”.。延续性动词所表示的动作和状态可以一直持续下 去。如: work ,study ,live ,teach 等。 1 Things have become even more difficult since I had the bike [误] 自从我有了那辆自行车以后,情况就更糟糕了。 [正] 自从我丢了那辆自行车以后,情况就更糟糕了。 2 We have not heard from Mike since he worked there 。 [误] 自从迈克在那里工作,我们再也没有收到他的来信。 [正] 自从迈克不在那里工作以后,我们再也没有收到他的来信 3 It is a week since he was in hospital . [误]他住院有一个星期了. [正] 他出院有一个星期了 ③特殊情况 在下面情况下,虽然 since 从句的谓语仍由延续性动词充当,但从句的形式与内容上却是统一 的.。 1 延续性动词的现在完成时充当 since 从句的谓语.。 She has made much progress since she has been a teacher . 当了老师以后,她的进步很大 2 since 与 ever 连用时,延续性动词的一般过去时充当从句的谓语。 She has given me a lot of help ever since she worked in our factory 她来我们厂工作后,给我很多帮助。 写作中常见的十二种句型 句型(一)
such+名词性词组+that… So+形容词/副词+that…——如此……以致…… 例如:(1)She is such a good teacher that we all love her.她是一个好老师,我们都爱她。 (2)It was such a hot day that they didn’t go out for a walk as usual.这么热的天气,他们没有像 往常一样去散步。 注意点: 1.such+a+ 形 容 词 + 名 词 +that…, 可 以 改 写 成 :so+ 形 容 词 +a+ 名 词 +that…, 例 句 (1) 可 以 改 写 成:She is so good a teacher that we all love her. 2.在 such+形容词+名词复数或不可数名词+that…结构中,形容词如果是 many/few 或 much/little 时,用 so 不用 such,即:so+many/few+可数名词复数+that…,so+much/little+不可数名词 +that… (1)There are so many people in the room that I can’t get in.房间里人太多,我进不去。 (2)The man has so much money that he can buy a car.那人很有钱,他能买一辆小汽车。 句型(二) There be…,either…or…,neither…nor…,
▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌
not only…but also… 例如:(1)There is a pen and two pencils in his pencil-box.他的铅笔盒里有一支钢笔和两支铅 笔。 (2)Not only you but also I have been to the Great Wall.你和我都没有去过长城。 (3)Either you or I am leaving for Shanghai.要么你去上海,要么我去上海。 (4)Neither you nor he is right.你和他都不对。 (5)Both Jack and Tim are English. Jack 和 Tim 是英国人。 注意点: 当这几个句型连接主语时,谓语动词的人称和数要考虑“就近原则”,对比 both…and… 来记 忆,both…and…连接主语时视为复数。 句型(三) Enough+名词+to do…——有足够的……做某事 形容词/副词+enough+to do …——足够……做某事 例如:(1)There is enough room to hold these people to have a meeting.有足够的地方容下这 些人开会。 (2)The boy is strong enough to carry the heavy box.这个男孩力气够大,能搬动这只箱子。 注意点: enough 做副词修饰形容词或副词时,放在所修饰词的后面,句子可以用 so…that…句型改写。 例句(2)可以改写为:The boy is so strong that he can carry the heavy box.这个男孩力气很大,能搬 动这只箱子。 句型(四) too+形容词/副词+to do…——太……以致不能…… 例如:(1)I was too excited to say a word.我激动得一个字也说不出来。 (2)Tom is too short to reach the apple. Tom 太矮了,拿不到那个苹果。 注意点: 这是一个否定句型,不能在不定式前加 not,可以用 so…that…结构改写,例如例句(1)可以改 写成:I was so excited that I couldn’t say a word. 英语中几个常见易错易考的句型英语 2008-10-06 09:48:16 阅读 161 评论 1 字号:大中小 1.This is the last thing I would ever want to do. 这是我最不愿做的一件事情。 【析】“the last +to do;the last +定语从句”中的 last 的意思为“least willing/likely”,译为“最不愿意;最不可能”。 He’s the last man I want to see.他是我最不想见的人。 He is the last person to tell a lie.他是最不可能撒谎的人。 She’s the last woman I want to sit next to at dinner.她是我在宴会上最不愿与之挨着坐的女人。 2.One can’t be too honest. 人越老实越好。 【析】句中“cannot...too...”意为“无论怎样……也不过分”或“越……越好”。该句型中的 not 可以换成 hardly,never 或 scarcely;too 可以换成 over 或 enough 等,意思不变。 You cannot be too careful.You cannot be over careful.=You cannot be careful enough.你越仔细越好。
▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌
A man can never have too many friends.朋友越多越好。 3.It’s a wise man that never makes mistakes. 无论多么聪明的人,也难免犯错误。 【析】“It is a … +形容词+名词+that...”结构是一个特殊的习惯用法,意思是“无论怎样 的……也不……”。真正的句子意思与字面意思相反,它具有含蓄的让步意味,切不可望文生义、 译成强调句型。 It’s a long lane that has no turning.无论怎样长的巷子也有转弯处。(引申意义为:耐心等待终会时来运转。) It’s a good horse that never stumbles.再好的马也有失前蹄的时候。(引申意义为:金无足赤,人无完人。) 4 I’m too anxious to know the result. 我极想知道结果。 【析】英语中“too...to...”结构表示“太……以致不”的意思。例如:The star is too small to see.但是,如果 too 后形容词表示主语的状态、心理活动、情感态度(常见的有 glad,easy, ready,anxious,eager, willing,happy 等),并与其后的不定式构成固定搭配,这时 too 含有肯定意义,表示“very, extremely”的意思。 They are too anxious to leave.他们急于离去。 Mr.Smith was too eager to see her.史密斯先生极想见到她。 5.It’s three years since he was a teacher. 他不当教师已经三年了。 【析】在“It is some time since +主语+谓语+其它成分。”这一结构中,如果从句谓语动词是非延续性动词,那么时间的计 算就从该动作的发生开始算起。 It‘s three years since he joined the army.他参军已经三年了。 如果从句谓语动词是延续性动词,时间就要从该动作的结束算起。 It’s many years since they lived here.他们不在这儿住已经好多年了。 6.All that glitters is not gold. 闪光的东西不一定都是金子。 【析】在句中当不定代词 all,both,every 及 every 的复合词,副词 always,often,entirely 与 not 一起使用时,表示部分否定,意思是“并非都是”,“不是每个人都”等。 I don’t remember all these formulas.这些公式我并非全都记得。 Every man cannot do it.并非每个人都能做这个。 I don’t entirely agree with you.我并不完全同意你的看法。 注意:当 all,both,every 等词和带 im-,in-,un-,dis-等表示否定意义的前缀的词连用时, 表示全部否定的意义。 All your answers are incorrect.你所有的答案都不正确。 表示全部否定时,我们常使用 no,not,nobody,nothing,never,nowhere,neither 等词。 None of the teachers smoke.这些老师都不抽烟。 7.The mountain is not valuable because it is high. 山并不因为高而具有价值。(山不在高)
▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌
【析】含有原因状语从句的主从复合句,形式上虽然否定主句的谓语,然而意义上则是否定 该原因状语,译为“并不因为……而……”。
You cannot walk away just because someone tells you he doesn’t want to buy.你不能仅仅因为他告诉你不买就走开。 Galileo was not ready to accept it just because Aristotle had said so.伽利略并不只是因为亚里斯多德说过某事如何如何,就轻易相信它。 8.I didn’t pretend to understand what he said. 我假装没懂他说的话。 【析】常用动词 pretend,happen 的否定形式有两种:既可以否定 pretend,也可以否定其后 的不定式,其意义不变。 I didn’t happen to be there.=I happened not to be there.我恰巧不在那儿。 They didn’t pretend to see me when I went by.=They pretended not to see me when I went by.当我经过的时候,他们假装没有看见我。 9 Let’s have a rest under the big tree.It’s nice and cool here. 让我们在大树下歇会吧。这儿很凉快。 【析】nice and,good and 都表示“很,非常,完全”的意思。and 前的形容词实质上起副词作 用,修饰后边的形容词,表示强调。 I am good and ready.我都准备好了。 It is good and cold in the morning.早上非常冷。 10. The doctor did what he could to save the patient. 【析】did what he could 中省略了 do,其后的不定式作状语,表示目的。该句等于 The doctor did all he could to save the patient. He has done all he could to help us. 他已尽力帮助我们了。 (三)、 *there be 结构错误: 1. There are 53 students in Class 1 are listening to the teacher. (错) There have 53 students in Class 1 are listening to the teacher. (错) Have 53 students in Class 1 are listening to the teacher. (错) --(正)There are 53 students in Class 1 listening to the teacher. --(正)There are 53 students in Class 1 who are listening to the teacher. --(正)53 students in Class 1 are listening to the teacher. *Because 从句 My English is poor. Because I don’t like English. (错) Because my English is poor. So I don’t like English. (错) My English is poor, so I don’t like English. ( 正 ) Because my English is poor, I don’t like English. ( 正 ) I don’t like English because my English is poor,. ( 正 ) I don’t like English. That’s (It’s / This is) because my English is poor. ( 正 ) * not only….but also… I not only like English but also French. (错) I like not only English but also French. ( 正 ) I like not only English but also Mary like English. (错) Not only I but also Mary likes English. (正)
▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌
定语从句 易错误 由于定语从句的结构和用法比较复杂,在学习和运用过程中往往容易犯一些错误,最常见
的有如下十种: 一、在定语从句中加了多余的代词。如: .误:Some of the boys I invited them didn't come. 正:Some of the boys I invited didn't come. 译:我邀请的男孩中有几个没有来。 析:应删去 them,因为从句的宾语是省略了的 whom, who 或 that。 2.误:The book that you need it is in the library. 正:The book that you need is in the library. 译:你需要的书在图书馆里。 析:应删去 it,因为从句的宾语是关系代词 that。 二、把定语从句谓语动词的单、复数弄错。如: 1.误:Anyone who break the law will be punished. 正:Anyone who breaks the law will be punished. 译:任何违犯法律的人将被处罚。 析:应改 break 为 breaks,因为 who 指 anyone,是单数。 2.误:Those who wants to see the film may go to the office of the Students'Union. 正:Those who want to see the film may go to the office of the Students'Union . 译:想去看这部电影的人可到学生会办公室取票。 析:应改 wants 为 want,因为 who 指 those,是复数。 3.误:He is the only one of the teachers who know French in our school. 正:He is the only one of the teachers who knows French in our school. 译:他是我们学校中唯一懂法语的人。 析:应改 know 为 knows,因为 one 前有 the only 之类限定词,定语从句在意义上修饰的
是 the only one,是单数,而不是复数名词 the teachers。 4.误:This is one of the rooms that is free now. 正:This is one of the rooms that are free now. 译:这是目前空着的房间之一。 析:应改 is 为 are,因为 one 前没有 the only 之类的限定词,定语从句在意义上修饰的是
名词复数 the rooms,而不是单数 one。 三、误省略了定语从句中作主语的关系代词。如: 1.误:Children eat a lot of sugar often have bad teeth. 正:Children who/that eat a lot of sugar often have bad teeth. 译:吃糖多的孩子往往牙齿不好。 析:应加上关系代词 who 或 that,因为从句少主
语,且主语不能省略。 2.误:The key opens the bike is missing. 正:The key that/which opens the bike is missing. 译:开这辆自行车的钥匙不见了。 析:应加上关系代词 that 或 which,因为从句少主语,且主语不能省略。 四、定语从句中加了多余的关系副词或介词。如: 1.误:The house where he lives in needs repairing.
▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌
正:The house where he lives needs repairing. 或:The house he in which lives needs repairing. 译:他住的房子需要修理。 析:应保留 where,删去从句中的 in,因为关系副词 where 在从句中作地点状语,in 属多 余。或删去关系副词 where,因为 where 在这里的意思是 in which,否则介词 in 就重复了。 2.误:I still remember the day on when I first came to Beijing. 正:I still remember the day when I first came to Beijing. 或:I still remember the day on which I first came to Beijing. 译:我仍记得我第一次来到北京那天的情景。 析:应删去 on,因为 when 在这里的意思是 on which,否则介词 on 就重复了,或把 when 改为 which。 五、在作先行词的时间名词或地点名词后错用了关系代词或关系副词。 1.误:We'll never forget the day when we spent together. 正:We'll never forget the day that/which we spent together. 译:我们永远不会忘记我们在一起度过的日子。 析:应改 when 为 that 或 which,因为从句中谓语动词 spent 是及物动词,其后应跟宾语 而不是时间状语。 2.误:This is the house where we lived in last year. 正:This is the house which/that we lived in last year. 译:这是我们去年住过的那个房子。 析:应改 where 为 which 或 that,因为从句谓语动词 lived 后有介词 in,其后少介词宾语, 而不是地点状语。 六、在先行词 reason 后错用关系副词 why。如: 1.误:Have you asked her for the reason why may explain her absence? 正:Have you asked her for the reason that/which may explain her absence? 译:你是否向他问过可以解释他缺席的原因? 析:应改 why 为 that 或 which,因为定语从句缺少主语,而不是少原因状语。 2.误:I don't believe the reason why he has given for his being late. 正:I don't believe the reason that/which he has given for his being late. 译:我不相信他所提供的他迟到的原因。 析:应改 why 为 that 或 which,因为从句谓语动词 has given 后缺少宾语,而不是少原因 状语 。 七、误将强调句型当定语从句。如: 1.误:It was in the kitchen where the fire broke out. 正:It was in the kitchen that the fire broke out. 译:大火发生在厨房。 析:应将 where 改 that,因为原句还原为 The fire broke out in the kitchen 后,在语法和句 意上均成立,故此题是强调句型,而非定语从句。 2.误:Was it because it snowed last night when you didn't come? 正:Was it because it snowed last night that you didn't come? 译:你是否因昨晚下雪而没有来? 析:应将 when 改为 that,因为,原句还原为 Because it snowed last night, you didn't come 后,在语法和句意上均成立,故此题是强调句型而非定语从句。 八、误将非限制性定语从句中修饰整个句子的关系代词看作只修饰从句前的名词或短语。
▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌
如: 误:She was very patient to the children, who her husband seldom was. 正:She was very patient to the children, which her husband seldom was. 译:她对孩子很耐心,她丈夫却很少这样。 析:先行词是前面的 She was very patient to the children 而非 the children,应用 which。 误:They used to live in this small village, where surprised me. 正:They used to live in this small village, which surprised me. 译:他们过去住在这个小村子,这令我感到惊讶。 析:先行词是前面的 They used to live in this small village 而非 in this small village ,应用
which。
九、误将动词短语中的介词前置。如: 误:The day to which we are looking forward will come. 正:The day which/that we are looking forward to will come. 译:我们一直盼望的那一天将来临。 析:从句中的谓语 look forward to 是固定词组,介词 to 不能提前。 十、误将主语当作先行词。如: 1.误:Is this factory which you visited yesterday? 正:Is this factory the one (that) you visited yesterday? 译:这是你昨天参观的那家工厂吗? 析:this factory 是主句的主语而非先行词,应加上先行词 the one 代替 this factory。 2.误:Is this teacher who the headmaster talked to? 正:Is this teacher the one (that/who) the headmaster talked to? 译:这是你昨天参观的那家工厂吗? 析:this teacher 是主句的主语而非先行词,应加上先行词 the one 代替 this teacher。
避免英文写作错误 高分作文不是梦想
一篇优秀的英语作文在内容和语言两方面应是一个统一体,任何一方面的欠缺都会直接 影响到作文的质量。下面是历年英语中考书面表达的常见错误,希望考生能避免这些错误。
审题不清 如中考作文要求按所给信息做自我介绍,考生却写了一篇介绍朋友的短文,偏离了“介绍自 己”这一主题。依据作文的评分原则,若文章内容不切题,则不管语言如何规范、用词如何 准确,都会被判为零分。
单词拼写错误 拼写是考生应该具备的最起码的基本功,但在考生的作文中却经常能发现很多拼写错误。有 拼写错误的作文肯定会被酌情扣分,而且有大量拼写错误存在的作文不仅体现出语言基本功 差,同时也直接影响内容的表达,通常会降低作文的档次。
名词单复数辨别不清:例如: The pants can't be Alice's. It's much too small for her.(误) The pants can't be Alice's. They're much too small for her.(正) 没有动词 汉语中没有动词的句子是允许的,但英语中完整的句子都必须有动词来构成,如:“我有空。” 这个句子没有动词作谓语,而用形容词,但英语形容词不能作谓语,一定要写成:I'm free. 缺少介词等虚词 还有一些考生因为没有熟练掌握介词或者冠词的用法,不了解中英文语言习惯的不同,也会 出现明显的错误,造成丢分现象。
▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌
误用代词 英语代词的形式很多,汉语中很多时候不用物主代词,而英语中物主代词是不可省略的,代 词的误用是考生最容易发生的错误。
Neither parents nor her likes going shopping on weekends.(误) Neither her parents nor she likes going shopping on weekends.(正) 不完整的句子 有的考生因为对句子结构认识模糊,所以出现只写半句的现象,这也是造成失分的原因之一。 Most of my classmates like reading books. I like, too.(误) (这段短文的第二句话没有宾语,它不能独立构成一个句子。这是一个非常常见的错误, 修改的方法是增加宾语 it 或 reading。) 前后不一致 所谓不一致,包括数、时态不一致及代词、主谓不一致等。 时态、人称和数的搭配错误 汉语动词无时态、人称和数的变化,而对英语来说,这些都至关重要。
书面表达
一.高考英语书面表达题的特点 从近些年的高考英语书面表达题来看,命题形式趋向多样化,命题角度趋向开放性。书面表 达题旨在测试考生的英语表达能力,看其是否能够运用学过的英语知识和掌握的技能进行思 想交流。 从历年高考试卷来看,书面表达不同于命题作文,可以随意发挥;也不是简单的句 子翻译。必须做到行文切题,紧扣中心思想,不漏要点,并且意思连贯,文理通顺,语言准 确、得当。 二.写作的基本要求 (1)中心突出,主题明确 (2)层次清楚,条理清晰 (3)表达力强,传情达意 (4)语句通顺,句型多变 (5)过渡自然,衔接紧凑 (6)标点正确,大/小写无误 (7)字迹清楚,卷面整洁 三.方法指导
根据我国英语教学现状——大纲规定词汇的有限、地区差异性大,决定了在写作方面没有确 定很高的的要求,书面表达实质上仍是“指导性写作”。因此一篇比较好的书面表达在体裁、人 称运用正确的基础上必须做到以下四点: ① 写明全部或绝大部分要点 ② 语言基本无误 ③ 行文连贯,表达准确 ④字数符合要求,书写规范、工整 四.写作六步走 1、仔细审题、明确要求 审题目要求 考试时间有限,如果匆忙下笔,写糟了以后再重写,不仅卷面不整洁,而且时间也不允许。 因此,一定要对基本时态和特定要求要审清楚。 审文体要求 根据《高中英语教学大纲》的要求,中学生应掌握的文体形式有记叙文、说明文、议论文和 各种应用文(主要包括书信、日记、通知、便条等)。 2、抓内容要点 一般说,每篇文章有 5 个左右的基本要点,要注意抓全,避免遗漏,同时也要注意要点的组 织和条理化 3、将要点扩展成句
▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌

完成该步骤时,一要搞清谓语所表示动作的执行者,选择好主语;二要搞清动作发生的时间,

使用合适的时态;三要根据上下文和自己对题目要求和提示信息的进一步理解增加相关句子

成分,调整某些说法。另外,要做到“用词有疑,另找替代”、“一法不成,另寻他途”,选择使 用自己最熟悉的词语和句型以及自己最有把握的表达方式,以达扬长避短的目的。对于英语

基础好的同学,要尝试变换句式,如强调句、倒装句、感叹句、省略句、各种从句和固定句

型等,长句和短句交错使用。

4、连句成文,过渡自然

完成该步骤时,一要注意前后句之间的过渡要自然。为了使文章在整体上结构严密,浑然一

体,应该在句子与句子之间,甚至段落与段落之间,恰当地使用一些表示并列、递进、转折、

因果等关系的连词或其他过渡性语句;二要根据行文和题目需要再加上一些合适的内容;三

要根据行文,在需要时对短文进行适当分段。

5、查错改错 复读检验,通读全文,看看要点是否齐全,提示的英文词语是否用到,行文是否流畅,句型、

时态、拼写、词的搭配是否正确,大小写和标点是否规范,字数是否符合要求等等。切忌草

率定篇,敷衍了事。

6、誊写 注意保持卷面整洁,书写工整清楚,书写的好坏会直接影响阅卷老师的情绪。卷面不工整扣 6

分。

五.写作中常用的词语

并列 and; as well as ; also; 选择 or; either—or; or else; otherwise

原因 because ; owing to; due to ;on account of ; thanks to 结果 so ; therefore ; thus ; as a result 时间 when ;soon after ; before; later ; first ; and then ; next ; finally; 比较 on the contrary ; on the other hand ; like

afterwards.

转折 but ; yet; however ; although; in spite of ; instead ; 递进 besides ; moreover ; even ; in addition

举例 for example/instance; such as ; that is ; 总结 after all ; in short ; in general ; generally speaking, in all, in a word

逻辑角度

合适的过渡性词汇

时间顺序

first, second, then, finally/at last , soon immediately, suddenly

空间顺序

here, there, on one side…on the other side,

in front of, at the back of, next to

对称顺序

for one thing, for the other thing, on one hand,on the other hand

转折顺序

but, however, while, though, otherwise

因果顺序

because, since, as, thanks to, as a result (of)

条件顺序

as long as, so long as, on condition that, if, unless

让步顺序

though, as, even if/though, whether, who (what, when,

where)ever

递进顺序

what’s more, besides, to make the matter worse, what’s worse

过渡性插入语

I think, I’m afraid, you know, As we all know

文章及段落起始的过渡词:

To begin with

To begin with, I’d like to express my thanks to you.

Generally speaking

Generally speaking, the more you practice, the more skillfully you can write in English.

First of all

First of all, doing exercise every day is important in keeping fit. 文章及段落结尾的过渡词语:

▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌
Therefore, thus Therefore (thus),it takes longer time to communicate
in written English than in oral English. In conclusion In conclusion, the international agreement should be made to prevent the world from the war In brief In brief, birth control is very important in China. In a word In a word, country life is more beautiful than city life. 六.巧妙转换句型,轻松应对写作 在高考英语写作题中,由于时间的限制,许多考生写出的句子显得过于单调、呆板。其实, 要想在有限的时间里写出丰富、生动的句子并不难。只要对所学的英语句式加以转换,就一 定能使写出来的句子更加准确、得体、简洁、灵活。 1、词与词之间的转换 1). 形容词转换为名词 This painting is very valuable. This painting is of great value. 2). 动词转换为名词 Our hometown has changed a lot these years. Great changes have taken place in my hometown these years. 2、词与从句的转换 As he was tired and hungry, the boy was unwilling to move on Tired and hungry, the boy was unwilling to move on. 3、非谓语动词与从句之间的转换 1). 动名词和从句的转换 When he arrives, please give me an e-mail. On hearing his arrival, please give me an e-mail. 2). 分词和从句的转换 A. 现在分词与从句的转换 As he was lying in the grass, he thought of his parents living in the countryside. Lying in the grass, he thought of his parents living in the countryside. B. 过去分词与从句的转换 Once it is seen, it will never be forgotten. Once seen, it will never be forgotten 3). 不定式与从句的转换 He spoke louder so that the audience could hear him clearly. To make himself heard clearly, he spoke louder. 4、独立主格与从句的转换 If weather permits, we shall go there on foot. Weather permitting, we shall go there on foot.(逻辑主语+现在分词) If everything is considered, his plan seems to be more workable. Everything taken into consideration, his plan seems to be more workable. (逻辑主语+过去分词) When this was done, we went home. This done, we went home. Given good luck, I will earn more money than all of you. Good luck given, I will earn more money than all of you. Because there was nothing to do, we played games. There being nothing to do, we played games.(being 不可省略)
▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓

▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌精诚凝聚 =^_^= 成就梦想 ▁▂▃▄▅▆▇█▉▊▋▌

5、句与句之间的转换 1). 简单句与复合句的转换

The girl is spoken highly of. Her composition was well written.

The girl whose composition was well written is spoken highly of. 2). 一般句式与强调句的转换

I graduated from the university last summer.

It was last summer that I graduated from the university. 3). 条件句与祈使句的转换

If you go through the gate, you will find the entrance to Bear Country.

Go through the gate, and you will find the entrance to Bear Country. 4). 宾语从句与状语从句的转换

I won't believe what he says.

No matter what he says, I won't believe him. 6、“二态”之间的转换 1). 时态的转换

The bell is ringing now.

There goes the bell. 2). 主动语态变为被动语态

People suggested that the meeting be put off.

It is suggested that the meeting be put off. 7、其他形式的转换 1). 正常语序与倒装语序的转换

Though I'm weak I will make the effort.

Weak as I am, I will make the effort.

They will never give up the struggle for success

Never will they give up the struggle for success. 2). 陈述语气与虚拟语气的转换

The ship didn't sink with all on board because there were the efforts of the captain.

But for the efforts of the captain, the ship would have sunk with all on board. 8、正反观点型作文是高考训练的常见题型,平时多积累一些相关词汇、短语和句型对于备考 很有帮助。例如:

支持 赞成 be in favor of/ be for/ approve of

反对

be against/ disagree/disapprove of

优点

advantages

缺点 disadvantages/ shortcomings/drawbacks .

常见句型:

Different people have different ideas/opinions/views on…

There are different ideas about …,

Some people hold the idea/opinion that …,

Each coin has two sides.

On (the) one hand; on the other hand…

In my opinion,

As far as I’m concerned,

From my point of view,

▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓点亮心灯 ~~~///(^v^)\\\~~~ 照亮人生 ▃ ▄ ▅ ▆ ▇ █ █ ■ ▓



相关推荐


友情链接: year2525网 工作范文网 QS-ISP 138资料网 528200 工作范文网 baothai 表格模版