当前位置: 首页 > >

2019年【浙江】版高中英语全程复习方略课件:选修7 Units12(人教版)语文_图文

选修7 Units 1~2
点击进入相应模块

话题之十三——失物求助 三年1考
[2010重庆]假设你是李华,于2010年6月3日搭乘国外某航 空公司航班(flight number BA793)回国后,发现遗失了一个 行李箱(suitcase)。现请用英文给该航空公司写一封信,请他 们帮你寻找。信件要点包括:1. 陈述写信原因2. 简要描述该行 李3. 说明其重要性4. 期待回复并表示感谢。注意:词数100左 右。
点击进入相应模块

Dear Sir/Madam,
I’m Li Hua. I took the flight BA793 on June 3, 2010. But when I came to my home, I found I lost a suitcase. I am writing to request you to help me find it back.
My suitcase is a small blue one with a zip. There is a label on the handle with my name and address on it. It is really important for me, because I had put all my important documents in it, including my ID card, passport and so on. Besides, it is what my father sent to me on my birthday.
点击进入相应模块

Thanks for your kind consideration and I am looking forward to receiving your earliest reply.
Yours truly, Li Hua
点击进入相应模块

1. 本文为失物求助类的应用文写作。

①第一段陈述写信原因——请求帮助找回丢失的行李箱。

②第二段详细描述行李箱的具体情况以及它的重要性。

③第三段期待回复并表示感谢。

2. 全文行文流畅,句式变化多样,用词地道。

①高级词汇:request, document, consideration

②高级句型:it is what. . . (what引导的表语从句)

③语篇过渡语:but, besides

点击进入相应模块

【佳作习得】完成句子 Oh, you are right. That’s __w_h_a_t__I_h_a_v_e_b__ee_n__e_x_p_e_c_ti_n_g__ (我所 期待的).
点击进入相应模块

写作提升(八)——提纲作文 提纲作文一直是高考书面表达的主要形式,其特点是把材 料分成信息块,列成独立的文字信息。写好提纲作文的关键是 认真审题和分析所给的提纲,认清题目和提纲之间的关系,然 后确定文章的主题、内容以及文体。
点击进入相应模块

[2011上海] Write an English composition in 120~150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese. 假如你是明启中学(Ming Qi Middle School)的李明,想申请 一个扶贫项目,帮助贫困地区的儿童。根据以下启事,写一封 申请信(信中不能提到真实姓名和学校)。
点击进入相应模块

启事 国际儿童基金会将资助中学生开展扶贫项目,以帮助贫困 地区的儿童。申请成功者将获得项目经费2, 000元。 有意者请来信告知: 1)你个人的基本情况; 2)你对申请项目的基本设想; 3)项目经费的使用计划。 联系方式: 2011hope@icf. org
2011
点击进入相应模块

【审题谋篇】

1. 本篇为提纲作文,为常考形式,目的是申请一个扶贫项 目,帮助贫困地区的儿童。

2. 人称:第一人称

3. 时态:个人情况——一般现在时

设想与计划——一般将来时

4. 写作要点:

①个人基本情况。

②对申请项目的基本设想。

③对项目经费的使用计划。

点击进入相应模块

【常用模板】 Ⅰ. 格式模板 开头:I’m writing to you with reference to the project
that. . . 正文:First, I’ll introduce myself to you. . . If I succeed in
applying for it. . . 结尾:Such is my plan. . . I’m looking forward to. . .
点击进入相应模块

Ⅱ. 句式模板

1. 乐于帮助别人

①be ready to help others

②be glad to (be offered an opportunity to) help others

2. 考虑到……

①Considering. . . .

②Taking. . . into account

点击进入相应模块

3. 渴望得到您的答复 ①be looking forward to your reply ②be eager to get your reply ③sb. would appreciate it if sb. could get your reply
点击进入相应模块

【尝试运用】

1. 我认为这个项目会给我一个能帮助更多孩子的机会。 _I_t_h_in_k__t_h_is__p_ro__je_c_t_w__il_l _o_ff_e_r_m__e_a_n__o_p_p_o_r_t_u_n_i_ty__to__h_e_lp_ _m_o_r_e__ch__il_d_r_e_n_.
2. 我要帮助他们获取正确的人生观,帮助他们运用知识改 变人生。

I’ll help them acquire a correct outlook on life, and help

them exploit knowledge to change their fortune. (用分词形式合

并句子)

点击进入相应模块

_I’_l_l _h_e_lp__th__em___a_cq__u_ir_e__a_c_o_r_r_e_ct__o_u_tl_o_o_k__o_n_l_if_e_, _h_e_l_p_in__g _th_e_m__e_x_p_l_o_it__k_n_o_w_l_e_d_g_e_t_o_c_h_a_n__g_e_t_h_e_ir_f_o_r_t_u_n_e_.
3. 考虑到项目专款,我会将其分成三部分。 一般表达:
As for the project fund, I’ll divide it into three parts. 高级表达: _T_a_k_i_n_g_t_h_e__p_ro_j_e_c_t_f_u_n_d__in_t_o_a_c_c_o_u_n_t_,__I’_l_l _d_iv_i_d_e_i_t_i_n_to__ _t_h_r_ee__p_a_r_ts_._
点击进入相应模块

【佳文点睛】

Dear Chairman,

I’m writing to you with reference to the project that helps the children in poor areas, _a_n_d_ I want to apply for it.

_F_i_r_st_ , I’ll introduce myself to you. I’m Li Ming, a Senior

2 student at Ming Qi Middle School. I’m a student of good

character and fine scholarship. I’m ready to help others in daily

life. I think this project will offer me an opportunity to help

more children.

点击进入相应模块

If I succeed in applying for it, _f_i_r_st_a_n__d_f_o_r_e_m_o_s_t , I’ll keep in touch with the poor children frequently by writing letters, emails or meeting face to face;_i_n__th_e__m_e_a_n_w__h_il_e_, I’ll communicate with them __n_o_t_o_n_l_y_ in life _b_u_t_a_l_so__ in studies, _a_n_d_ get to know more about them and help them in every aspect; _la_s_t_b_u_t__n_o_t_le_a_s_t_, I’ll help them acquire a correct outlook on life, helping them exploit knowledge to change their fortune.
点击进入相应模块

Taking the project fund into account, I’ll divide it into three parts. One part is used for their tuition and books; another part is for their daily life _a_n_d_ the last part is for enriching their hobbies, aiming to help them develop in an all-round way.
Such is my plan about the project. I’m looking forward to your reply at your earliest convenience.
Yours sincerely, Li Ming
点击进入相应模块

[2012杭州模拟] 假设你是李华,你班来自美国的交流学生Arthur患病住院 已有三周,请你用英文给他写封信,主要内容包括: 1.询问病情,表示关切 2.介绍班级近期活动、学习等情况 3.表达祝愿 注意:1.词数100~120;
2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
点击进入相应模块

Dear Arthur, ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________
Yours, Li Hua
点击进入相应模块

【参考范文】 Dear Arthur,
It’s three weeks since you fell ill. I guess you have suffered a lot in hospital, but are you feeling any better now? We’re concerned about your health. And we all miss you very much.
点击进入相应模块

In the past three weeks, we’ve buried ourselves in study because the exam is around the corner. But don’t worry about your lessons, with which all of us will help you when you are back. Besides the routine work, we held a football match in our grade and our class won the championship. If only you had been with us!
点击进入相应模块

We hope you will soon recover and join us in our colorful school life.
Best wishes. Yours, Li Hua
点击进入相应模块

代词和介词 代词和介词常见于高考试题之中,主要考查it的用法,替代 词的辨析,不定代词的辨析,介词(短语)的辨析,以及介词的搭 配。复习时注意以下几个方面:1. 掌握代词it的用法;2. 理解并 掌握不定代词以及替代词的区别;3. 了解反身代词的用法;4. 牢 记常见的介词短语;5. 弄清近义介词的区别。
点击进入相应模块

1.[2011四川, 3]There is ________ in his words. We should have a try.

A. something

B. anything

C. nothing

D. everything

点击进入相应模块

【解析】选A。考查不定代词。句意:他说的有点道理,咱们应 该试一试。something意为“有意义的事物”常用于肯定句中。 anything意为“任何重要的事”,常用于疑问句和否定句中。 nothing 表示否定含义,和句意不符。everything意思又太绝对 了,故选A。
点击进入相应模块

2.[2011山东, 24]The two girls are so alike that strangers find ________ difficult to tell one from the other.

A. it

B. them

C. her

D. that

【解析】选A。考查代词用法。句意:两个女孩长得如此相像 以至于陌生人都发现很难将其中一个与另外一个区分开来。it 在句中充当形式宾语,代替后面的真正的宾语to tell one from the other。

点击进入相应模块

3.[2011浙江, 7]Since people are fond of humor, it is as welcome in conversation as ________ else.

A. anything

B. something

C. anywhere

D. somewhere

【解析】选C。考查不定代词。句意:由于人们都喜欢幽默,

所以幽默在交谈中和在其他任何场合一样受欢迎。此题的关键

是“in conversation”,提醒考生空格处应该是不定代词表示地

点。A、B两项不表示地点,所以首先排除,D项不符合句意,

应该是任何场合和地点。

点击进入相应模块

4.[2011辽宁, 27]—Would you like tea or coffee?

—________ , thank you. I’ve just had some water.

A. Either

B. Both

C. Any

D. Neither

【解析】 选D。考查代词辨析。句意:——您想喝茶还是咖 啡?——都不喝,谢谢。我刚刚喝了些水。根据后面一句“刚 刚喝了水”可知回答者是什么也不喝,要用neither来否定两者。 either两者选一;both都,肯定两者;any三者或三者以上的任 何一个。故选D。

点击进入相应模块

5.[2011陕西, 16]—Would you get me a bar of chocolate from the kitchen, dear?

—________ one?

A. Other

B. Every

C. Another

D. More

【解析】选C。考查代词用法。句意:——亲爱的,能否帮我 从厨房拿块巧克力?——再来一块?如果想表达“再来一块” 的含义,可以用One more来表达,故排除D项;every one意为 “每一个人/物”,意思不符;other往往后面跟名词的复数形式; another又一,再一,符合句意,故选C项。
点击进入相应模块

6.[2011湖南, 24]I knew that ________ would ever discourage him; he would never give up wanting to be a director.

A. something

B. anything

C. everything

D. nothing

【解析】选D。考查不定代词。句意:我知道没有什么会使他 灰心,他永远不会放弃成为导演的梦想。由句意可知此处应填 表示否定意义的代词。

点击进入相应模块

7.[2011上海,26]To stay awake, he finished a cup of coffee and ordered ________.

A. the other B. other C. the others D. another

【解析】选D。考查代词用法。句意:为了保持清醒状态,他

喝完一杯咖啡后又要了一杯。another指在原来的基础上的“再

一(个),又一(个)”,表示增加,由句意可知他是在喝完一杯咖

啡后又要了一杯,故用another;the other指的是两者之中的

“另外一个”;other意为“另一,另一些”,但没有增加的意

思;the others表示其余的全部,由句子语境可知A、B、C三个

选项都不符合句意。

点击进入相应模块

8.[2011全国卷Ⅱ, 11]I got this bicycle for ________; My friend gave it to me when she bought a new one.

A. everything

B. something

C. anything

D. nothing

【解析】选D。考查不定代词。句意:我免费得到这辆自行车: 我朋友买了辆新的就把它给了我。for nothing不花钱,免费。

点击进入相应模块

9.[2011重庆, 27]—Silly me! I forget what my luggage looks like.

—What do you think of ________ over there?

A. the one

B. this

C. it

D. that

【解析】 选 D。考查代词。句意:——我真愚蠢!我忘了我的

行 李 是 什 么 样 子 的 了 。 —— 你 觉 得 那 边 那 件 是 你 的 吗 ? 根 据

over there可知此处指这种的物体,故用that; the one指同类中

的一个用来指代可数名词,而luggage是不可数名词;this指近

处;it指代同一物,均不符合句意。

点击进入相应模块

10.[2011安徽, 22]Surprisingly, Susan’s beautiful hair reached below her knees and made ________ almost an overcoat for her.

A. them

B. her

C. itself

D. herself

【解析】选C。考查反身代词。句意:令人惊奇地是,苏珊的 秀发直抵膝盖以下,就像给她披上了一袭外衣。根据句意及句 子结构,选项表示的是主语hair,故应选择与主语hair同义的反 身代词itself。

点击进入相应模块

11.[2011福建,21]We have various summer camps for your holidays. You can choose ________ based on your own interests.

A. either

B. each

C. one

D. it

【解析】选C。考查代词用法。句意:我们有各种各样的夏令 营,你可以根据自己的兴趣选择一个。either两者中的任何一个; each每一个; one一个,为泛指,泛指同类事物或人中的某一个; it为特指,特指上文提到的某人或某物。根据语境可知,此处 应是表示泛指的某一个。

点击进入相应模块

12.[2011北京, 34]The employment rate has continued to rise in big cities thanks to the efforts of the local governments to increase ________.

A. them

B. those

C. it

D. that

【解析】 选C。考查代词用法。 句意:由于当地政府努力提高 就业率,大城市的就业率已继续升高。it表示同类同物,替代 前面的特指的单数名词或不可数名词。that表示同类不同物, 替代特指的单数名词或特指的不可数名词。本题表示同类同物, 需用it替代前面提到的the employment rate。故答案为C。
点击进入相应模块

13.[2011四川, 8]Nick, it’s good for you to read some books ________ China before you start your trip there.

A. in

B. for

C. of

D. on

【解析】选D。考查介词。句意: 尼克,去中国旅游之前,读点 关于中国的书是有好处的。介词on 表示“关于;论及”之意。 介词in, for, of 皆无此意,故选D。

点击进入相应模块

14.[2011全国卷Ⅰ, 30]The form cannot be signed by anyone ________ yourself.

A. rather than

B. other than

C. more than

D. better than

【解析】选B。考查介词短语。句意:这个表格除了你自己外 其他人都不能签名。rather than“不是”;other than“除了”; more than“多于,不仅仅”;better than“胜过”。

点击进入相应模块

15.[2011山东, 30]I’m sorry I didn’t phone you, but I’ve been very busy ________ the past couple of weeks.

A. beyond

B. with

C. among

D. over

【解析】选D。考查介词用法。句意:很抱歉没有给你打电话, 在 过 去 的 几 周 时 间 里 我 一 直 很 忙 。 over 在 句 中 为 介 词 , 意 为 “在……期间”,与句意相符;beyond 超过,超越;with带有, 具有;among 在中间,在……之中。

点击进入相应模块

16.[2011浙江, 5]I always wanted to do the job which I’d been trained ________.

A. on

B. for

C. by

D. of

【解析】选B。考查介词。句意:我一直想做我曾经受过培训 的工作。“be trained for. . . ”,表示“为了……接受培训”, 所以只有B项正确。

点击进入相应模块

17. [ 2011 天 津 , 11 ] He was a good student and scored ________ average in most subjects.

A. below

B. of

C. on

D. above

【解析】 选D。考查介词。句意:他是一个好学生,在大部分 科目上得分都高出平均分。below average“低于平均分”;on average“平均”;above average“高于平均分”。根据句意选D。

点击进入相应模块

18.[2011上海,25]Graduation is a good time to thank those who have helped you ________ the tough years.

A. through

B. up

C. with

D. from

【解析】选A。考查介词用法。句意:毕业是感谢那些曾经帮 助你度过艰难岁月的人的好时刻。help sb. through sth. 帮助某 人度过某段时期(尤指艰难的时期);help sb. up把某人扶起来; help sb. with sth. 帮助某人做某事;from来自,自……以来。由 句意和这几个介词的意义可知选A。

点击进入相应模块

19.[2011江苏, 32]We’d better discuss everything ________ before we work out the plan.

A. in detail

B. in general

C. on purpose

D. on time

【解析】选A。考查介词短语辨析。句意:我们最好在制订计 划之前详细地讨论一切事情。in detail详细地;in general一般 来说,大体上;on purpose故意地;on time按时。

点击进入相应模块

20.[2011全国卷Ⅱ, 14]This shop will be closed for repairs ________ further notice.

A. with

B. until

C. for

D. at

【解析】选B。考查介词。句意:这家商店因修理将关闭, 营业 时间另行通知。在此until是介词,表示“到……为止”。

点击进入相应模块

21.[2011重庆, 24]Shirley, a real book lover, often brings home many books to read ________ the library.

A. in

B. for

C. by

D. from

【解析】 选D。考查介词。句意:雪莉,一个十足的读书爱好 者,经常从图书馆借很多书回家看。表示“从某处”用介词 from。

点击进入相应模块

22.[2011安徽, 25]Sometimes proper answers are not far to seek ________ food safety problems.

A. in

B. to

C. on

D. after

【解析】选B。考查介词。句意:有时不难找到解决食品安全 问 题 的 适 宜 的 办 法 。 本 题 的 中 心 词 是 answers , 后 面 的 food safety problems是answers的定语;而与answers搭配使用的介词 只有to,即answers to food safety problems, 因此选B。

点击进入相应模块

23. [ 2011 北 京 , 35 ] With new technology, pictures of underwater valleys can be taken ________ color.

A. by

B. for

C. with

D. in

【解析】选D。考查介词用法。句意:用新的科技,水下山谷 能被拍下彩色照片。by多用于无形的工具或方式手段之前,如 by hand等;with用于有形的工具或身体某些器官之前,其后的 名词多被冠词、物主代词等修饰,如:with a spade, with our eyes等;in表示使用语言、原料、材料等,如in English。故D项 为正确答案。
点击进入相应模块

24.[2010江苏,29]So far we have done a lot to build a lowcarbon economy, but it is ________ ideal. We have to work still harder.

A. next to

B. far from

C. out of

D. due to

点击进入相应模块

【解析】选B。考查固定短语意义的辨析。句意:到目前为止, 我们已经做了很多工作来打造低碳经济,但是还远不理想。我 们还必须更加努力工作。next to意为“几乎,差不多;紧邻 着”,与句意相反;far from意为“远非;远离”,后面常常接 名词或者形容词;out of意为“(从……里)出来”;due to意为 “由于”,后面常常接名词,可以作表语或者原因状语,相当 于because of。根据句意选择B项。
点击进入相应模块

表1 常用代词用法辨析

代词

要点

典句例示

Your story is interesting, 指代前面提到的同一事物;
but I don’t like it.
it 指代动物、婴儿或未知的人; Look at the baby. Isn’t it lovely?

点击进入相应模块

代词

要点

指天气、时间、距离、自 然现象、环境等;

it

作形式主语或形式宾语

代替不定式,动名词、

名词性从句;

典句例示
It is half past two now.
①It is the teachers’ duty to teach the students. ②He found it not easy to learn a foreign language well.

点击进入相应模块

代词

要点

典句例示

表示“喜欢、恨”等心理 it 方面的动词后面接it, 构成 I will appreciate it if you
固定结构,这类动词常用 can give me a hand. enjoy, prefer, love, like, hate, dislike, appreciate等。

点击进入相应模块

代词

要点

典句例示

常用在以下固定句型中:

①It took me two weeks to

It takes sb. some time to finish the work.

do. . .

②It’s high time that you

It’s (about/high)time that sb. should get down to the work.

should do

③It’s the first time I have

it It’s the first(second. . . )time been to Beijing.

that sb. have done sth.

④It’s two weeks since we last

It’s. . . since. . . It will be/was. . . before. . .

met. ⑤It won’t be long before we

It is/was+被强调部分 +that/who+句子的其他成分

meet again. ⑥It’s from the sun that we

(强调句型)

get light and heat.

点击进入相应模块

代词

要点

典句例示

①I don’t have a computer. 代替单数可数名词,表示
I want to buy one next year. one 泛指; ones为其复数形式,
②I want large ones, not 其前后均可被定语修饰。
small ones.

点击进入相应模块

代词

要点

the one替代前面的单数
名词,表示特指,其后 one
往往带定语,the ones是
the one的复数形式。

典句例示
①This dress is larger but cheaper than the one on the top hanger. ②I love reading poems by Emerson better than the ones by Whitman.

点击进入相应模块

代词

要点

典句例示

既可以替代特指的单数

①The book on the desk

名词,相当于the one,

is better than that/the

that 也可以替代特指的不可

one under the desk.

数名词,常带后置定语。 ②My questions are

其复数形式为those, 相

similar to those you

当于the ones。

raised.

点击进入相应模块

代词

要点

指三个或三个以上的人 或物,可以和of短语连 all 用。作主语,指“所有 的人”时,谓语用复数, 指“所有的事”时,谓 语用单数。

典句例示
①They all agreed to the plan. ②So all is going well.

点击进入相应模块

代词

要点

典句例示

指两个人或物,可以 You are both too young. /Both

both 和of短语连用

of you are too young.

each

①Each of my children goes to a 表示两者或两者以上 different school. 的每一个,表示个体,②The tickets cost 10 dollars each.
既可作定语,又可充 ③The tickets each costs 10

当主语、宾语、同位 语,可以与of短语连 用。

dollars. ④You may find that each child in the kindergarten gives a different answer to the question.

点击进入相应模块

代词

要点

典句例示

every

表示三者或三者以上的 每一个,都强调整体, 仅作定语,后接单数可 数名词。every还可表示 “每(隔)……的”。

①Every one has strong and weak points. ②Take this medicine with warm water every other day.

点击进入相应模块

代词

要点

典句例示

either

表示“两者中的任何一 个”

There’s coffee and tea— you can have either.

neither

neither ( pron. )和 “neither of+n. ”作主 语时,谓语动词用单数。

①Neither was satisfactory. ②Neither of the two boys has passed the geography examination.

点击进入相应模块

代词

要点

1. 既可指人,也可指物,后可接 of短语,常用来回答how many/ much的问题。 none 2. 代指可数名词时,指三者或三者 以上,作主语时谓语动词用单复数

均可。

3. 代指不可数名词时,谓语动词用 单数。

4. none可在句中作主语或宾语。

典句例示

①—How

much

money do you have?

—None. ②None of the books

are/is interesting.

③None of the

rubbish has been

removed.

点击进入相应模块

代词

要点

no one

表示泛指,无范围,仅 指人,不指物;who表 泛指用nobody/no one 回答。

典句例示
—Who will go there? —No one/Nobody.

点击进入相应模块

代词

要点

典句例示

another

1. 指至少有三个以上的另外任何 一个,不与冠词连用,所跟的名 词是可数的。 2. 当another表示“又一,再一” 的意思时,可以跟数词或few引导 的复数名词词组连用。 another的 搭配:one after another相继地; one way or another无 论 怎 样 ; another day改天。

①He will stay here for another three days. ②Please come another day.

点击进入相应模块

代词

要点

典句例示

另外的,相当于形容词, other 只作定语,修饰后面的名
词。

①Would you please make it some other day? ②He has no other close friends like John.

点击进入相应模块

代词

要点

others

泛指别的人或物,是 other的复数形式,构 成some. . . , others. . .

典句例示
Some students are cleaning the classroom, others are playing on the playground.

点击进入相应模块

代词

要点

1. 两者中的另一个,常与

the other

one连用,构成one. . . the other. . . 2. 作定语修饰复数名词

时,表示“全部其余的”



典句例示
I have two sisters, one works as a worker, the other serves in the army.

点击进入相应模块

代词

要点

典句例示

the others

特指其余的人或物,相 当于the other+复数名 词。

I have got ten pencils. Two of them are red, the others are blue.

点击进入相应模块

1. 常用it 作形式主语的句型: It is a pity that. . . 真可惜……It is no wonder that . . . 难怪…… 特 It is obvious/clear that. . . 很 明 显 ……It seems/ 别 appears that. . . 看来/似乎…… 提 It occurred to sb. that. . . 某人突然想到……It was 醒 said/reported that. . . 据说/据报道…… It is no use/good doing sth. 做某事没用处/没好处
点击进入相应模块

2. 部分否定 not 出 现 在 含 有 all, both, everyone, 特 everybody,everything等不定代词的句子中,表部分 别 否定;此外, not与总括性副词如everywhere, always, 提 wholly, altogether等连用时也表示部分否定。 醒 Everyone isn’t going to the Summer Palace tomorrow. 并非每个人明天都去颐和园。 Such a thing can’t be found everywhere. 这种事并非到处可见。
点击进入相应模块

3. 含有反身代词的惯用语 for oneself亲自;of oneself自动的;to oneself独自享 特 用 ; by oneself 单 独 地 ; enjoy oneself 过 得 愉 快 ; 别 devote oneself to专心于;apply oneself to 提 专心致志于;adapt oneself to适应;make oneself at 醒 home不要客气; find oneself +地点 发现自己不知不 觉来到……。
点击进入相应模块

表2 几组常见的介词搭配

类型
介词与动 词的搭配

典型短语 insist on坚持 benefit by/from从……得到好处 differ from区别于 agree with同意某人的意见 agree on就……达成一致 agree to同意某建议 impress on给……留下印象
点击进入相应模块

类型
介词与动 词的搭配

典型短语 stand for代表 hope for希望得到 account for解释; 是……的原因 prepare for准备 hear from收到……的来信 hear of听说

点击进入相应模块

类型

典型短语

介词与形容 词的搭配

be interested in对……感兴趣 be keen on对……很热衷 be strict with/in对某人/事严格 be concerned about/with/over对……很关心 be different from与……不同 be convinced of确信

点击进入相应模块

类型

典型短语

to+n. 介词
与名
词搭
配 at+n.

to one’s delight/surprise/horror/sorrow/joy/ regret令人快乐/吃惊/恐怖/悲哀/喜悦/遗憾的 是; to the point切题

at most至多 at present目前 at table在用餐 at risk在危险中 at will随意地

at least至少 at noon在中午 at hand在手边,临近 at war处于战争中

点击进入相应模块

类型

典型短语

介词
与名 in+n.
词搭


in advance提前 in the long run从长远来说 in short简而言之 in other words换句话说 in conclusion总之 in detail详细地 in future今后 in a hurry匆忙地

点击进入相应模块

类型
介词 与名
in+n. 词搭 配

典型短语
in public公开地 in secret秘密地 in return作为回报 in reality实际上 in turn轮流地 in case以防万一 in vain白白地 in particular特别地

点击进入相应模块

类型

典型短语

介词
与名 in+n.
词搭


in color从颜色上(来说) in general一般地 in preparation在准备之中 in store(意外、问题等)将要发生,就要出现 in doubt拿不准

点击进入相应模块

类型

典型短语

介词 与名 词搭 配

for+n.

for the time being暂时 for the present现在 for good永远,永久 for sale待售

点击进入相应模块

类型 介词短语

典型短语

in favor of赞成

by means of借助于

in place of代替

in case of万一

by way of经由

in time of在……的时候

in spite of尽管

for fear of惟恐

on behalf of作为……的代理

in addition to此外

点击进入相应模块

类型 介词短语

典型短语 as a result/consequence of作为……的结果; 由于 for the sake of为了……起见 in terms of就……而言 in praise of赞扬 in preference to偏爱 in exchange for交换 in agreement with协调,一致
点击进入相应模块

类型 介词短语

典型短语
in search of寻找 in the form of以……的形式 in need of需要 in the direction of朝……的方向 on top of在……之上 with regard to关于 in face of面临

点击进入相应模块

类型 复合介词

典型短语
as for/to至于 along with和……一起 instead of代替 apart from除……之外 together with与……一道 except for除……之外 according to根据,按照

点击进入相应模块

表3 几组常见介词的词义辨析

介词

要点

典句例示

through强调穿越,突破, He climbed in through

through /across/ over

度过。 across跨过,强调挨或贴着 表面而过。

the window. We swam across the river.

over翻越,强调空间感。 She climbed over the wall.

点击进入相应模块

介词

要点

典句例示

above/ over/ on

above侧重于相对水平高 度,不一定在正上方,也 不表示互相接触,反义词 是below。
over侧重于垂直高度,即 位于正上方,一般没有接 触的含义,其反义词是 under。

The sun is above the mountain in the east.
Be careful, there is a heavy box over your head.
点击进入相应模块

介词

要点

典句例示

above/ over/ on

on侧重于与物体表面接触, He stood on the cliff top

其反义词是beneath。

looking at the sea.

点击进入相应模块

介词

要点

典句例示

besides/ except/ except for/ apart from

besides意为“包括…… 在内”,“除……之外 还……”(=in addition to)。

Besides milk and cheese, we need vegetables.

点击进入相应模块

介词
besides/ except/ except for/ apart from

要点
except与but同义,有 “除……之外”的意思,表 示从整体除去一部分,排除 或不包括在内,but习惯上只 用于no, nothing, nobody, nowhere, not anything, who等 词之后, except除与上述词连 用外,还多与不定代词
everything, everybody, everyone, all或副词 everywhere, always, usually连 用。

典句例示
①They didn’t open their mouths except to complain. ②Nobody knew her name except me(=but). ③He had considered everything except the weather.
点击进入相应模块

介词

要点

典句例示

besides/ except/ except for/ apart from

except for表示部分地 修正主句的内容,带有 一种惋惜的语气。而 except后面接从句,意 思与except for相同。

①Except for an old lady, the bus was empty. ②I would buy the suit, except that it costs too much.

点击进入相应模块

介词

要点

besides/ except/ except for/ apart from

apart from意为 “除……外”,它既可 以表示besides的意思, 也可以表示except或 except for的意思。

典句例示
①There were three others present at the meeting apart from Mr. Jackson. (=besides) ②He has done good work, apart from a few slight faults. (=except for)
点击进入相应模块

1.[2012潍坊模拟]_______ good service, the restaurant offers different kinds of traditional Shandong Cuisine.

A.Far from

B.Regardless of

C.Instead of

D.Apart from

【解析】选D。考查介词短语。句意:除了优质的服务外,这

家饭店还提供种类繁多的传统鲁菜。apart from除……之外,

还有;far from远非;regardless of尽管;instead of 代替; 而不

是。

点击进入相应模块

2.[2012石家庄模拟]_______ will become more and more important to have a good knowledge of English.

A.What

B.Which

C.That

D.It

【解析】选D。考查代词。句意:精通英语将变得越来越重要。 it在句中作形式主语,不定式短语to have a good knowledge of English作真正的主语。

点击进入相应模块

3.[2012黄石模拟]Women’s earnings are well below men’s _______ educational differences that are decreasing between the two sexes.

A. in spite of

B. in favor of

C. in case of

D. in terms of

【解析】选A。考查介词短语。句意:尽管两性间的教育差异

在减小,但是女性的收入远低于男性。in spite of 尽管; in

favor of 支持,赞成;in case of 倘使; in terms of 就……而言,

在……方面。

点击进入相应模块

4.[2012重庆模拟]I’ll spend half of my holiday practising English and _______ half learning drawing.

A. another

B. the other

C. other’s

D. other

【解析】选B。考查代词。句意:我要花一半的假期时间练习 英语,另一半的时间学习画画。the other指两者中的另一个。

点击进入相应模块

5.[2012厦门模拟]—Which of these resorts do you like best?

—_______. They are both hot and crowded.

A. Either

B. None

C. Neither

D. Nothing

【解析】选B。考查代词。句意:——这些度假胜地你最喜欢

哪一个?——哪个也不喜欢。它们都很热且拥挤。从best可知

范 围 在 三 者 或 三 者 以 上 。 none 指 三 者 以 上 的 任 何 一 个 都 不 ;

either 指 两 者 中 的 一 个 ; neither 指 两 者 中 任 何 一 个 都 不 ;

nothing没有什么东西。

点击进入相应模块

6. [ 2012 贵 阳 模 拟 ] The red flag looks extremely beautiful _______ the blue sky and white clouds.

A. through

B. across

C. beyond

D. against

【解析】选D。考查介词。句意:在蓝天白云的映衬下,红旗 看起来格外漂亮。 against 以……为背景,衬托;through通过; across通过;beyond超越。

点击进入相应模块

7.[2012大连模拟]Try hard to make what the teacher teaches _______, and you’ll make rapid progress in your studies.

A. you

B. yours

C. yourself

D. yourselves

【解析】选B。考查代词。句意:尽力使老师教的东西变成你 自己的,这样你会在学习上取得很大进步的。yours在句中作宾 语补足语,指你自己的东西。

点击进入相应模块

8.[2012长春模拟]My parents always remind me to work hard at my lessons and I am allowed to do _______ except studying.

A. something

B. anything

C. nothing

D. everything

【解析】选C。考查不定代词。句意:我的父母总是提醒我努 力学习功课,除学习外,什么也不允许我做。根据句意可知用 nothing。

点击进入相应模块

9.[2012南充模拟]Owing to heavy traffic jams, many people would like to choose the train _______ driving.

A. in preference to

B. in addition to

C. as with

D. as well as

【解析】选A。考查介词短语。句意:由于严重的交通堵塞, 许多人喜欢选择火车而不愿开车。in preference to优先于;in addition to 而 且 ; as with 与 …… 一 样 ; as well as 不 仅 …… 还……。

点击进入相应模块

10.[2012郑州模拟]Though the winter in Britain is cold and there is often snow, there are _______ place for skiing.

A. some

B. many

C. few

D. a few

【解析】选C。考查代词。句意:虽然英国的冬天很冷,而且 经常下雪,但是这里适合滑雪的地方很少。根据句意选few,表 示“(与复数名词连用)不多,很少”。

点击进入相应模块

11.[2012杭州模拟]The invention of artificial hearts marked a turning point in the battle _______ heart disease.

A. among

B. for

C. against

D. between

【解析】选C。考查介词。句意:人造心脏的发明标志着在预 防 心 脏 病 的 斗 争 中 出 现 了 转 折 点 。 此 处 against 表 示 “ 防 , 预 防”。

点击进入相应模块

12.[2012银川模拟]Rose was tired out. She had little time to think of _______ but sleep.

A. everything

B. something

C. anything

D. nothing

【解析】选C。考查代词。句意:罗斯累坏了。她除了睡觉以 外 , 没 时 间 去 想 其 他 事 。 句 中 little 表 否 定 , 故 空 处 应 用 anything。

点击进入相应模块

13.[2012三亚模拟]She has almost failed the exam, but her sister, _______, has done very well.

A. by contrast

B. in general

C. for example

D. in addition

【解析】选A。考查介词短语辨析。句意:她几乎考试不及格, 相比之下,她妹妹在考试中考得很好。by contrast相比之下; in general一般地;for example例如;in addition而且。

点击进入相应模块

14.[2012西安模拟]People working 10 or 11 hours a day are more likely to suffer from health problems than _______ who go off duty after eight hours.

A. those

B. that

C. these

D. them

【解析】选A。考查代词。句意:每天工作10或11个小时的人 比那些8小时后下班的人更可能出现健康问题。此处用those是 为了避免重复,代替后面提到的每天工作8个小时的人。

点击进入相应模块

15.[2012大庆模拟]She was told to wear flat shoes _______ her back problem.

A. on account of

B. regardless of

C. in terms of

D. in case of

【解析】选A。考查介词短语辨析。句意:因为她的背部问题, 她被告知穿平底鞋。on account of表示“因为”。后三项分别 表示“不顾”“就……而言”“以防”,都与语意不符。

点击进入相应模块

16.[2012成都模拟]The media believe the price of petrol will rise by more than _______ two percent.

A. other

B. another

C. any other

D. the other

【解析】选B。考查代词的用法。句意:媒体相信石油的价格 将会再上涨两个百分点以上,another表示“另一,又一”。

点击进入相应模块

17.[2012北京模拟]The Christmas gifts need to be ready _______ next Friday.

A. by

B. of

C. in

D. at

【解析】选A。考查介词的用法。句意:圣诞礼物需要在下周 五之前准备好。by表示“在……之前;不迟于……”。

点击进入相应模块

18.[2012银川模拟]—The river has been terribly polluted and smells sick.

—Indeed, _______ should be done to stop it getting worse.

A. everything

B. something

C. nothing

D. anything

【解析】选B。考查代词的用法。句意:——那条河流已被污 染,气味难闻。——的确如此,应当采取某些措施以防情况恶 化。用something代指“某些措施”。
点击进入相应模块

19.[2012济宁模拟]—Lily made the same mistake again.

—Oh, it’s _______ me.

A. above

B. with

C. beyond

D. over

【解析】选C。考查介词用法。“it’s beyond me ”在句中表示 “我无法理解”。be beyond sb. 表示“使人无法想像(理解等)”。

点击进入相应模块

20.[2012长沙模拟]When _______ comes to baseball, Dorothy knows little about it.

A. this

B. that

C. it

D. one

【解析】选C。考查it的用法。句意:说到棒球,Dorothy对此 了解甚少。“when it comes to. . . ”是固定句式,表示“当说到 某事(谈到某事)时”。

点击进入相应模块

21.[2012北京模拟]—How can I reserve the tickets?

—_______ phone.

A. On

B. With

C. By

D. In

【解析】选C。考查介词与名词的习惯搭配。句意:——我怎 样才能预订到票?——通过电话。by phone 意思是“通过电 话”,即通过电话订票。by后接交通工具或通讯工具时,名词 前不用冠词。

点击进入相应模块

22.[2012温州模拟]—We have two seats free here. Which one would you like?

— _______ ! My mother is coming to see the film with me.

A. None

B. Neither

C. All

D. Both

【解析】选D。考查代词。根据题干中的two seats可排除A、 C(这两项都用于指三者或三者以上);neither指“两者都不”; both指“两者都”。根据答语中的第二句话可知D项符合语意, 即两个座位都要。
点击进入相应模块

23. [ 2012 杭 州 模 拟 ] Soon after dinner Wayne drove off _______ the direction of Paris.

A. to

B. at

C. for

D. in

【解析】选D。考查介词。句意:饭后Wayne立即开车朝巴黎 方向驶去。in the direction of “朝……方向”, 根据语意选D。

点击进入相应模块

24.[2012合肥模拟]Our company is seeking for a manager, especially _______ with creativity and imagination.

A. the one

B. each

C. one

D. that

【解析】选C。考查代词。the one表示特指;that表示代指,可 以代替单数可数名词或不可数名词;one相当于a/an加单数可数 名词,表示泛指。根据语意可知此处泛指有创造力和想像力的 人,所以用one。

点击进入相应模块

25.[2012潍坊模拟]I just choose a simpler lifestyle, _______ where I can ride my bike and do not have to make a great living to survive.

A. that

B. it

C. one

D. another

【解析】选C。考查代词。句意:我只是选择了一种更简单的 生活方式,一种可以骑自行车,不必为生活而奔波的生活方式。 one是a simpler lifestyle的同位语。

点击进入相应模块

点击进入相应模块



相关推荐


友情链接: year2525网 工作范文网 QS-ISP 138资料网 528200 工作范文网 baothai 表格模版